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Table 3 Correlation coefficients between the OKI-DO instrument and generic observation instrument[24] during free play

From: Qualitative observation instrument to measure the quality of parent-child interactions in young children with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Free play (generic) OKI-DO Parent     Child     Family  
  Emotional involvement Limit setting Respect for autonomy Quality of instruction Negative behavior Avoidance Cooperative behavior Child’s response to injection Emphasis on diabetes Mealtime structure
Parent’s Supportive presence .38 ** .22 .24* .02 -.13 -.15 .16 .14 -.13 .16
  Respect for child’s autonomy .40** .15 .31 ** .20 -.12 -.22 .17 .03 -.01 .00
  Structure and limit setting .18 .31 ** .23 .05 -.20 -.14 .20 .01 -.10 .24 *
  Quality of instruction .17 .12 .09 .07 -.13 .01 .00 .03 -.05 .03
  Hostility -.35 ** -.11 -.45 ** -.08 -.02 .28 * -.18 -.12 .16 -.02
  Confidence .18 .35 ** .14 -.04 -.28 * -.14 .23 .02 -.13 .38 **
Child’s Negativity -.19 -.15 -.16 -.12 .14 .08 -.14 -.10 .13 .01
  Avoidance of parent -.09 -.13 -.19 -.08 .12 .30 ** -.01 -.01 .08 -.02
  Compliance .18 .26 * .33 ** .21 -.10 -.15 .14 .14 -.09 .05
  Affection toward parent .28 * .18 .33 ** .07 -.17 -.13 .18 .16 -.03 .01
  Persistence .16 .28 * .01 -.03 -.09 -.04 .19 .09 .22 .26 *
  Reliance on parent for help .15 -.09 -.10 -.00 .04 .07 -.07 .07 .02 .02
  Enthusiasm .14 .12 .08 -.17 -.01 .02 .04 .18 .27* -.06
  Experience of the session .33 ** .25* .29 * .02 -.05 -.00 .12 .19 .07 .18
  1. .xx = Expected correlation.
  2. *Correlation is significant on a 0.05 level.
  3. **Correlation is significant on a 0.01 level.