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Table 3 Univariable analysis with mortality as the dependent variable

From: Hospital outcomes for paediatric pneumonia and diarrhoea patients admitted in a tertiary hospital on weekdays versus weekends: a retrospective study

   Odds ratio 95% CI P value
Day of admission    
  Weekday 1.00 (ref)   
  Weekend 1.13 0.90 – 1.43 0.298
Gender     
  Female 1.00 (ref)   
  Male 0.69 0.55 – 0.86 <0.001
Age group    
  2 - 6 months 1.00 (ref)   <0.001
  7 - 11 months 0.63 0.49 – 0.83  
  12 - 18 months 0.63 0.45 – 0.87  
  19 - 24 months 0.42 0.24 – 0.76  
  25 - 36 months 0.45 0.22 – 0.90  
  37 - 59 months 0.21 0.06 – 0.66  
Diagnosis     
  Dehydration 1.00 (ref)   <0.001
  Pneumonia 1.54 1.18 – 2.00  
  Both Dehydration and Pneumonia 2.32 1.66 – 3.23  
Co-morbidity    
  No co-morbidity 1.00 (ref)   
  With co-morbidity 1.65 1.31 – 2.07 <0.001
Hospital length of stay (LOS)    
  LOS in days 1.00 0.99 – 1.01 0.99
Intervention period    
  Pre-intervention 1.00 (ref)   <0.001
  Implementation 0.61 0.47 – 0.80  
  Post-intervention 0.43 0.32 – 0.57  
Disease severity    
  Non-severe 1.00 (ref)   
  Severe 1.54 1.23 – 1.93 <0.001