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Table 3 Characteristics of the subgroups classified as overweight (obesity included) according to BMI, WHtR or both (n = 7703)

From: Moderate agreement between body mass index and measures of waist circumference in the identification of overweight among 5-year-old children; the ‘Be active, eat right’ study

  Boys (n = 3895)  
  Overweight BMI and WHtR (n = 168) Overweight BMI only (n = 104) Overweight WHtR only (n = 224) Not-overweight BMI and WHtR (n = 3399) p-value
Mean age, years (SD) 5.8 (0.5) 5.8 (0.4) 5.5 (0.4) 5.8 (0.4) 0.000a
Mean height, cm (SD) 119.8 (6.3) 121.6 (5.6) 113.3 (4.8) 117.9 (5.3) 0.000b
Mean weight, kg (SD) 27.9 (4.4) 27.0 (2.9) 21.0 (2.4) 21.1 (2.6) 0.000c
Mean BMI, kg/(m)2 (SD) 19.3 (1.5) 18.2 (0.9) 16.3 (0.8) 15.2 (1.0) 0.000d
Mean WC, cm (SD) 62.6 (5.0) 57.1 (2.9) 56.7 (2.7) 52.6 (2.8) 0.000e
Non-Dutch ethnicity, n (%) 56 (33.3) 18 (17.3) 39 (17.4) 455 (13.4) 0.000f
Parental educational level low, n (%) 57 (33.9) 36 (34.6) 48 (21.4) 704 (20.7) 0.000c
Overweight according to clinical judgment of healthcare professional, n (%) 144 (85.7) 73 (70.2) 17 (7.6) 25 (0.7) 0.000g
  Girls (n = 3808)  
  Overweight BMI and WHtR (n = 216) Overweight BMI only (n = 225) Overweight WHtR only (n = 169) Not-overweight BMI and WHtR (n = 3198) p -value
Mean age, years (SD) 5.7 (0.4) 5.8 (0.4) 5.6 (0.4) 5.7 (0.4) 0.001h
Mean height, cm (SD) 118.2 (5.6) 120.8 (5.7) 112.9 (5.6) 116.9 (5.4) 0.000i
Mean weight, kg (SD) 26.8 (3.9) 26.5 (3.2) 20.7 (2.7) 20.6 (2.6) 0.000c
Mean BMI, kg/(m)2 (SD) 19.1 (1.6) 18.1 (0.8) 16.1 (0.9) 15.0 (1.1) 0.000d
Mean WC, cm (SD) 62.4 (4.6) 57.0 (2.7) 57.3 (3.1) 52.1 (2.9) 0.000e
Non-Dutch ethnicity, n (%) 50 (23.1) 40 (17.8) 31 (18.3) 465 (14.5) 0.003j
Parental educational level low, n (%) 74 (34.3) 71 (31.6) 40 (23.7) 657 (20.5) 0.000k
Overweight according to clinical judgment of healthcare professional, n (%) 197 (91.2) 149 (66.2) 14 (8.3) 27 (0.8) 0.000d
  1. BMI = body mass index; WC = waist circumference; WHtR = waist-height ratio.
  2. Post-Hoc Tests (Tukey HSD for continuous determinants and cross-tabulation (2x2) for dichotomous determinants):
  3. A = difference between ‘overweight BMI and WHtR’ and ‘BMI only’.
  4. B = difference between ‘overweight BMI and WHtR’ and ‘WHtR only’.
  5. C = difference between ‘overweight BMI and WHtR’ and ‘not-overweight BMI and WHtR’.
  6. D = difference between ‘BMI only’ and ‘WHtR only’.
  7. E = difference between ‘BMI only’ and ‘not-overweight BMI and WHtR’.
  8. F = difference between ‘WHtR only’ and ‘not-overweight BMI and WHtR’.
  9. a p < 0.001 for B, D, and F.
  10. b p < 0.05 for A, p < 0.001 for B, C, D, E, and F.
  11. c p < 0.001 for B, C, D, and E.
  12. d p < 0.001 for A, B, C, D, E and F.
  13. e p < 0.001 for A, B, C, E and F.
  14. f p < 0.05 for A, p < 0.01 for C, p < 0.001 for B.
  15. g p < 0.01 for A, p < 0.001 for B, C, D, E, and F.
  16. h p < 0.01 for F, p < 0.001 for D.
  17. i p < 0.01 for C, p < 0.001 for A, B, D, E, and F.
  18. j p < 0.001 for C.
  19. k p < 0.05 for B, p < 0.01 for E, p < 0.001 for C.