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Table 3 Cytokine concentrations in newborns of non-smoking (NSM) and smoking mothers (SM)

From: Maternal cigarette smoking and its effect on neonatal lymphocyte subpopulations and replication

  Newborns
pg/ml NSM (n = 33) SM (n = 13)
IL-1β 87.5 ± 98.2 (52.0; 14.1 – 265.4) 87.6 ± 13.8 (80.8; 78.6 – 103.5)
IL-2 44.6 ± 51.1 (25.1; 5.0 – 91.9) 53.3 ± 14.0 (53.5; 22.1 – 73.7)
IL-4 26.2 ± 22.7 (16.2; 1.6 – 76.3) 18.8 ± 6.7 (17.5; 12.3 – 28.0)
IL-6 112.5 ± 204.8 (28.3; 0.6 – 737.8) 241.3 ± 408.2 (36.0; 7.4 – 1037.5)
IL-8 685.3 ± 1141.8 (166.4; 6.1 – 4474.5) 879.4 ± 1361.3 (41.6; 0.2 – 4352.4)
IL-10 6.3 ± 9.3 (2.9; 0.6 – 40.7) 3.5 ± 2.8 (2.7; 0.6 – 8.8)
IFN-γ 4.9 ± 3.6 (4.8; 0.1 – 12.8) 5.2 ± 3.2 (5.1; 1.1 – 9.8)
TNF-α 8.1 ± 8.7 (3.9; 1.3 – 29.2) 19.3 ± 32.6 (3.9; 1.3 – 89.1)
  1. Values are given in mean ± standard deviation (median; range). Numbers, n.