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Table 2 Association of HIV with other severe acute malnutrition (SAM) complications and co-morbidities in the study population

From: HIV infection in severely malnourished children in Kumasi, Ghana: a cross-sectional prospective study

  HIV status n (%)    
Clinical variable Negative Positive RR (95% CI) P-value
  n-179 n-67   
Bacteraemia 55 (31.1) 30 (44.8) 1.5 (1.0 - 2.1) 0.045
UTI 32 (17.9) 16 (23.9) 1.3 (0.8 - 2.3) 0.290
*Dehydration 34 (19) 11 (16.4) 0.9 (0.5 - 1.6) 0.642
SA 35 (19.6) 5 (7.5) 0.4 (0.2 - 0.9) 0.021
Malaria 28 (15.6) 6 (9) 0.6 (0.2 - 1.3) 0.176
Pneumonia 23 (12.8) 10 (14.9) 1.2 (0.6 - 2.3) 0.671
PTB 5 (2.8) 18 (26.9) 9.6 (3.7 - 24.9) < 0.001
  1. UTI = Urinary tract infection.
  2. PTB = Pulmonary tuberculosis.
  3. SA = Severe anaemia.
  4. n = number.
  5. RR = Relative risk.
  6. *Dehydration was usually associated with diarrhoea and/or vomiting.