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Table 2 Caregivers’ actions reported by parents as useful for early bonding with their preterm newborn

From: Parents’ expectations of staff in the early bonding process with their premature babies in the intensive care setting: a qualitative multicenter study with 60 parents

Before birth Prenatal visit by neonatologist
Explanations: baby’s weight and capacities, breastfeeding, child's course
Introduction of staff and department operation
  Consistency of descriptions of management
At birth Briefly reassure parents about baby's condition (alive)
Reassure father about the mother's condition
Between delivery and first visit Visit mother in her room
Provide photograph of the baby
Interact directly with both parents, especially if clinical status of the baby is worsening
In the NICU Accompany each parent on first visit
Gentle and attentive attitude toward the baby
Explanations: machines, alarms, child's capacities and ways of helping him
Help parents become more autonomous progressively, gently and kindly, avoid judgments
  Suggest closeness: carrying the baby, skin-to-skin (anticipate and support these moments)