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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population (60 parents and their 49 children)*

From: Parents’ expectations of staff in the early bonding process with their premature babies in the intensive care setting: a qualitative multicenter study with 60 parents

Parents' characteristics Mothers N=30 Fathers N=30 Total N=60
Age (years), M±SD 30.7 +/− 6.6 33.5+/− 6.8  
Current professional activity    
Managerial and professional occupations 11 (37) 11 (37) 22 (37)
Skilled manual and non-manual occupations 18 (60) 15 (50) 33 (55)
Unemployed 1 ( 3) 4 (13) 5 (8)
Single parent 1 ( 3) 0 (0) 1 (2)
Parent’s place of birth    
Europe 12 (40) 16 (53) 28 (47)
Sub-Saharan Africa 10 (33) 6 (20) 16 (27)
North Africa 3 (10) 6 (20) 9 (15)
Asia or Mideast 2 (7) 0 (0) 2 (3)
Unknown) 3 (10) 2 (7) 5 (8)
History of preterm delivery 3 (10) 3 (10) 6 (10)
Assisted reproduction 6 (20) 5 (17) 11 (18)
Caesarean section 22 (73) 18 (60) 40 (68)
Children's characteristics at the time of the interview    Total N=49
Female    29 (59)
Inborn    36 (74)
Multiple    12 (24)
Cranial ultrasound    
Normal    38 (77)
PVH-IVH grade 1 or 2    10 (20)
PVH-IVH grade 3    1 (2)
PVH-IVH grade 4, PVL    0 (0)
Ventilation at time of interview    
Spontaneous Ventilation    8 (16)
Nasal Ventilation    30 (61)
Endotracheal ventilation    11 (22)
History of Sepsis    23 (47)
History of NEC or GIP    3 ( 6)
Persistent Ductus Arteriosus, Surgery    11 (22)
Transfusion    30 (61)
  1. PVH-IVH: periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (Papile’s classification), NEC: necrotizing enterocolitis, GIP: gastrointestinal perforation.
  2. *all values are numbers with percentages in parentheses, except as otherwise stated.