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Table 1 International guidelines for RDS treatment

From: Exogenous surfactant therapy in 2013: what is next? who, when and how should we treat newborn infants in the future?

Country (ref) Year Gestational age Prophylactic use of surfactant
UK (72) 1999 < 29 weeks Systematic
< 32 weeks If need for intubation at birth
Canada (74) 2005 < 26 weeks Systematic
26-27 weeks If no antenatal steroids
US (73) 2008 < 28 weeks Systematic
Europe (75–76) 2010-2013 < 26 weeks Systematic