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Table 1 Summary of consensus recommendations for the diagnosis of FASD in Australia

From: Recommendations from a consensus development workshop on the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in Australia

Area Recommendation
Population screening We do not recommend population-based screening for FASD (GRADE: strong recommendation | low quality evidence)
Referral We recommend the use of standard criteria for referral for specialist diagnostic assessment (GRADE: conditional recommendation | low quality evidence)
Diagnostic categories We recommend the diagnostic categories of fetal alcohol syndrome, partial fetal alcohol syndrome and neurodevelopmental disorder-alcohol exposed for use in Australia (GRADE: conditional recommendation | low quality evidence)
Diagnostic criteria We recommended that the diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome, partial fetal alcohol syndrome and neurodevelopmental disorder-alcohol exposed are based on the criteria summarised in Table 2 (GRADE: conditional recommendation | low quality evidence)
Diagnostic assessment methods We recommend standard diagnostic assessment based on the comprehensive interdisciplinary UW approach to assessment (GRADE: conditional recommendation | low quality evidence)
Resources for implementation We recommend the development of comprehensive resources to facilitate national implementation of standard diagnostic criteria and national case reporting (GRADE: conditional recommendation | low quality evidence)
Consumer information and support We recommend that information and support are provided for individuals and their parents or carers during the diagnostic process (GRADE: conditional recommendation | low quality evidence)
  1. FASD – fetal alcohol spectrum disorders;
  2. GRADE – Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation [21].