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Table 1 Characteristics of participating hospitals by geographical area

From: Pain management policies and practices in pediatric emergency care: a nationwide survey of Italian hospitals

  North Centre South Total
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Type of hospital:     
  General 3 (27.3) 2 (40.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (26.3)
  Pediatric/maternal and child 8 (72.7) 3 (60.0) 3 (100.0) 14 (73.7)
Academic hospital:     
  No 3 (27.3) 0 (0.0) 2 (66.7) 5 (26.3)
  Yes 8 (72.7) 5 (100.0) 1 (33.3) 14 (73.7)
Clinical Research Hospital (IRCCS):     
  No 8 (72.7) 4 (80.0) 3 (100.0) 15 (78.9)
  Yes 3 (27.3) 1 (20.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (21.0)
Type of pediatric emergency department:     
  Medical only 1 (9.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (33.3) 2 (10.5)
  Medico-surgical or medico- traumatological 2 (18.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (10.5)
  Medico-surgical-traumatological (MST) 8 (72.7) 5 (100.0) 2 (66.7) 15 (78.9)
Short Stay Observation (SSO):     
  No 1 (9.1) 2 (40.0) 1 (33.3) 4 (21.0)
  Yes 10 (90.9) 3 (60.0) 2 (66.7) 15 (78.9)
Triage carried out:     
  <24 h/day 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (66.7) 2 (10.5)
  24 h/day 11 (100.0) 5 (100.0) 1 (33.3) 17 (89.5)
Triage method:     
  First look only 1 (9.1) 1 (20.0) 1 (33.3) 3 (15.8)
  Full assessment 10 (90.9) 4 (80.0) 2 (66.7) 16 (84.2)
Number of annual pediatric admissions (x 1000):     
  Mean (sd) 26.7 (10.9) 33.3 (15.9) 58.4 (43.6) 33.4 (21.6)
Physicians to admissions ratio (PR) (x 10000):     
  Mean (sd) 3.7 (1.9) 3.5 (1.6) 2.7 (1.4) 3.5 (1.7)
Nurses to admissions ratio (NR) (x 10000):     
  Mean (sd) 6.0 (1.9) 7.2 (1.2) 4 (0.3) 6 (1.8)