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Table 1 Rate (%) of meeting minimum dietary diversity among children of age 6–23 months by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, Nepal 2011 (N=698)

From: Determinants of complementary feeding practices among Nepalese children aged 6–23 months: findings from demographic and health survey 2011

Factor Category Total
N [%]#
MDD
n [%]
p value MMF
n [%]
p value MAD
n [%]
p value
Mother’s age at pregnancy (n= 698) 0.061   0.525   0.014
(in years)
  15–19 78 [11.2] 22 [28.2]   57 [73.1]   21 [26.9]  
  20–29 479 [68.6] 159 [33.2]   371 [77.5]   141 [29.4]  
  30–34 83 [11.9] 16 [19.3]   60 [72.3]   11 [13.3]  
  >=35 58 [8.3] 15 [25.9]   47 [81.0]   12 [20.7]  
Place of residence (n=698) 0.004   0.690   0.025
  Urban 138 [19.8] 56 [40.6]   104 [75.4]   47 [34.1]  
  Rural 560 [80.2] 156 [27.9]   431 [77.0]   138 [24.6]  
Development region (n=698) 0.003   0.009   0.007
  Eastern 165 [23.6] 62 [37.6]   142 [86.1]   55 [33.3]  
  Central 157 [22.5] 41 [26.1]   116 [73.9]   35 [22.3]  
  Western 100 [14.3] 36 [36.0]   79 [79.0]   30 [30.0]  
  Mid -western 167 [23.9] 34 [20.4]   117 [70.1]   30 [18.0]  
  Far-western 109 [15.6] 39 [35.8]   81 [74.3]   35 [32.1]  
Ecological region (n=698) 0.097   0.006   0.030
  Mountain 137 [19.6] 41 [29.9]   105 [76.6]   33 [24.1]  
  Hill 283 [40.5] 98 [34.6]   233 [82.3]   90 [31.8]  
  Terai/Plain 278 [39.8] 73 [26.3]   197 [70.9]   62 [22.3]  
Mother’s education (n=698) <0.001   0.005   <0.001
  No education 288 [41.3] 46 [16.0]   203 [70.5]   40 [13.9]  
  Primary 131 [18.8] 31 [23.7]   100 [76.3]   25 [19.1]  
  Secondary 236 [33.8] 11 [47.0]   195 [82.6]   100 [42.4]  
  Higher 43 [6.2] 24 [55.8]   37 [86.0]   20 [46.5]  
Father’s education (n=698) <0.001   0.003   <0.001
  No education 135 [19.3] 11 [8.1]   91 [67.4]   9 [6.7]  
  Primary 155 [22.2] 33[21.3]   112 [72.3]   26 [16.8]  
  Secondary 334 [47.9] 13[39.2]   275 [82.3]   118 [35.3]  
  Higher 74 [10.6] 37[50.0]   57 [77.0]   32 [43.2]  
Mother’s occupation (n= 698) <0.001   0.592   0.002
  Not working 197 [28.2] 56 [28.4]   146 [74.1]   50 [25.4]  
  Agriculture 412 [59.0] 113[27.4]   319 [77.4]   98 [23.8]  
  Working (paid) 89 [12.8] 43 [48.3]   70 [78.7]   37 [41.6]  
Father’s occupation (n=698) 0.132   0.039   0.065
  Agriculture 186 [26.6] 46 [24.7]   134 [72.0]   38 [20.4]  
  Non agriculture 499 [71.5] 161[32.3]   388 [77.8]   142 [28.5]  
  Others 13 [1.9] 5 [38.5]   13 [100]   5 [38.5]  
Ethnicity (n=698) 0.002   0.998   0.020
  Relatively advantaged 324 [46.4] 120 [37.0]   248 [76.5]   102 [31.5]  
  Relatively disadvantaged (Janjati) 241 [34.5] 61 [25.3]   185 [76.8]   55 [22.8]  
  Relatively disadvantaged (Dalit) 133 [19.1] 31 [23.3]   102 [76.7]   28 [21.1]  
Religion (n=698) 0.035   0.575   0.090
  Hindu 592 [84.8] 189 [31.9]   456 [77.0]   164 [27.7]  
  Others 106 [15.2] 23 [21.7]   79 [74.5]   21 [19.8]  
Sex of child (n=698) 0.163   0.900   0. 155
  Male 331 [47.4] 109 [32.9]   253 [76.4]   96 [29.0]  
  Female 367 [52.6] 103 [28.1]   282 [76.8]   89 [24.3]  
Sex of household head (n=698) 0.697   0.018   0.972
  Male 520 [74.5] 160 [30.8]   387 [74.4]   138 [26.5]  
  Female 178 [25.5] 52 [29.2]   148 [83.1]   47 [26.4]  
Wealth index (n= 698) <0.001   0.341   <0.001
  Poorest 205 [29.4] 37 [18.0]   156 [76.1]   34 [16.6]  
  Poor 139 [19.9] 36 [25.9]   102 [73.4]   29 [20.9]  
  Middle 131 [18.8] 36 [27.5]   96 [73.3]   31 [23.7]  
  Richer 124 [17.8] 55 [44.4]   99 [79.8]   51 [41.1]  
  Richest 99 [14.2] 48 [48.5]   82 [82.8]   40 [40.4]  
Type of cooking fuel (n=698) <0.001   0.022   <0.001
  Relatively non polluting 103 [14.8] 54 [52.4]   88 [85.4]   47 [45.6]  
  Relatively highly polluting 595 [85.2] 158 [26.6]   447 [75.1]   138 [23.2]  
  1. # The number of missing values may vary for each variable. The percentages presented are valid percentages. MDD Minimum dietary diversity, MMF Minimum meal frequency, MAD Minimum acceptable diet.