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Table 2 Clinical and biochemical characteristics of children according to nutritional status

From: Association between interleukin 1β and interleukin 10 concentrations: a cross-sectional study in young adolescents in Taiwan

  Normal Overweight Obese Ordinary
  Medium IQR Medium IQR Medium IQR P-trend
Number (boys/girls) 231 (122/109) 44 (24/20) 50 (29/21)  
Height¤ (cm) 155.51 7.33 156.62 6.84 159.64## 6.55 0.0002
Weight¤ (kg) 44.67 6.68 57.38** 5.32 70.80## 9.59 <0.0001
Waist¤ (cm) 64.96 6.20 78.60** 5.87 87.07## 9.56 <0.0001
Body fat¤ (%) 18.57 5.56 26.51** 4.52 32.10## 7.45 <0.0001
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 90.00 8.00 91.50 8.50 92.00# 11.00 0.0005
Fasting serum insulin 11.37 5.96 16.20** 6.19 28.44## 19.68 <0.0001
HOMA-IR 2.58 1.40 3.63** 1.50 6.50## 4.58 <0.0001
SBP (mmHg) 109.00 12.00 111.50 15.50 116.00## 11.00 <0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 62.00 11.00 61.00 10.00 66.00## 8.00 0.0065
HDL- cholesterol (mg/dL) 58.00 17.00 49.00** 14.00 42.50## 13.00 <0.0001
LDL- cholesterol (mg/dL) 88.00 29.00 92.50 36.50 88.50 24.00 0.6458
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 158.00 37.00 160.50 47.00 151.00 33.00 0.1283
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 62.00 32.00 68.00 44.00 78.00## 51.00 <0.0001
Serum iron (ug/dL) 86.00 45.00 87.50 39.00 80.00 38.00 0.3875
Serum TIBC (ug/dL) 342.00 58.00 359.00 61.00 343.00 59.00 0.6752
Serum ferritin (ng/dL) 50.00 42.00 40.00 42.50 47.00 34.00 0.4136
Transferritin Saturation (%) 24.90 14.18 25.32 15.65 22.89 11.51 0.5224
Hepcidin (ng/ml) 123.19 22.02 107.26 25.80 120.07# 34.35 0.0062
TNFα (pg/ml) 16.69 10.37 21.42* 12.30 21.56 11.44 0.1982
IFNγ (pg/ml) 5.92 3.10 6.41 2.48 6.16 3.38 0.8630
IL10 (pg/ml) 9.87 3.69 8.13* 2.74 9.08 3.41 0.5265
IL1β (pg/ml) 0.90 0.41 1.15* 0.62 1.11## 0.75 0.0006
NO (uM) 6.13 5.74 9.54** 5.97 8.05 4.29 0.0606
  1. Data are presented as median ± interquartile range (IQR).
  2. ¤ presented as mean ± standard error of mean (SEM).
  3. #, * p<0.05. Statistically different versus normal weight children by t-test.
  4. ## ,** p<0.01. Statistically different versus normal weight children by t-test.