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Table 1 Main outcome measures for children with cryptorchidism as a whole, and divided in UT and RT subgroups.

From: Management of cryptorchidism: a survey of clinical practice in Italy

  UT # RT #
Spontaneous resolution 13/127 (10%) 14/41 (34%)
- Mean age at resolution, in months (SD; range) 21.6 (10.8; 9.6-40.8) 27.6 (13.2; 6-46.8)
- Age at spontaneous resolution, categories:   
   • Between 6 and 11 months 4 (31%) 2 (14%)
   • Between 12 and 23 months 3 (23%) 5 (36%)
   • 24 months or more 6 (46%) 7 (50%)
Hormonal treatment (as pre-surgical or unique treatment) 29/127 (23%) 4/41 (10%)
   - hCG 16/29 (55%) 2/4 (50%)
   - LHRH 13/29 (45%) 2/4 (50%)
Mean age at beginning of hormonal treatment, in months (md = 1) (SD; range) 20.4 (13.2; 6-50.4) 30 (7.2; 20.4-36)
- Mean age at beginning of hCG, in months (md = 1) 24 (13.2; 6-50.4) 30 (3.6; 43.2-33.6)
- Mean age at beginning of LHRH, in months 15.6 (10.8.; 6-42) 28.8 (10.8; 20.4-36)
Descend of testis after hormonal treatment 7/28 (25%)* 1/4 (25%)
Surgical treatment 88/126 (70%) 10/40 (25%)**
- Mean age at surgery, in months (md = 1) (SD; range) 22.8 (10.8; 1.2-56.4) 27.6 (10.8; 12-46.8)
- Age at surgery, categories (md = 1):   
   • before 6 months 3 (3%) -
   • between 6 and 11 months 9 (10%) 1 (10%)
   • between 12 and 23 months 44 (51%) 4 (40%)
   • 24 months or more 31 (36%) 5 (50%)
- Carried out in paediatric surgery center 79/88 (90%) 8/10 (80%)
- Carried out in paediatric surgery center < 12 months 12/12 (100%) 1/1 (100%)
- Carried out in the Region where child lived (md = 4) 74/85 (87%) 8/9 (89%)
- Scheduled orchidopexy 7/126 (6%) 4/40 (10%)
Surgery outcome   
   - Descended testis 80/88 (91%) 10/10 (100%)
   - Need for second surgery 2/88 (2%) -
   - Anorchia and prosthesis positioning 1/88 (1%) -
   - Outcome not clear/not specified 5/88 (6%) -
Post-surgery hormonal treatment 11/126 (9%) -
   - hCG 10/11 (91%)  
   - LHRH 1/11 (9%)  
  1. Categorical variables are presented as percentages, continuous variables as mean (SD; range).
  2. * 1 child lost at follow up from FP after beginning of treatment
  3. ** 1 child lost at follow up after sending to surgeon
  4. § 17 children after hormonal treatment; 82 underwent surgery as first line treatment
  5. # 1 child without indication of physical examination and clinical type