Skip to main content

Table 4 Mean daily energy and nutrient density* according to quartiles of the dietary pattern scores identified among German boys

From: Dietary patterns of adolescents in Germany - Associations with nutrient intake and other health related lifestyle characteristics

 

Western pattern

 

Healthy pattern

 

Traditional pattern

 
 

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

P for trend

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

P for trend

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

P for trend

Energy intake (MJ)

11.0

11.2

12.1

16.5

<.0001

12.7

11.4

12.7

14.9

<.0001

10.2

11.3

14

16.8

<.0001

% of energy

               

   Total fat

32.5

34.3

34.1

33.8

0.283

33.6

34.3

33.1

33.8

0.955

31.8

32.9

34.7

35.7

<.0001

   Saturated fatty acids (SFA)

14.0

15.0

14.5

13.8

0.1016

14.4

14.9

14.1

14.0

0.1629

13.3

14.0

14.9

15.4

<.0001

   Unsaturated fatty acids

11.2

11.9

12.1

12.1

0.007

11.9

12.1

11.6

11.8

0.5917

11.1

11.7

12.1

12.7

<.0001

   Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)

4.7

4.8

4.9

5.0

0.1016

4.6

4.7

4.8

5.3

0.001

4.9

4.7

4.9

5.0

0.5486

   Protein

13.7

13.4

13.9

13.8

0.360

13.0

13.6

13.9

14.3

<.0001

13.7

13.6

13.7

13.9

0.511

   Total Carbohydrates

52.5

50.9

50.4

49.4

0.0003

50.9

50.4

51.2

50.4

0.699

53.0

52.0

49.2

48.2

<.0001

   Monosaccharide

11.3

11.1

11.6

11.2

0.9334

11.9

10.9

11.2

11.1

0.4272

11.8

11.8

10.9

10.5

0.0213

   Disaccharide

14.7

16.0

15.2

15.1

0.9302

16.2

15.3

15.3

14.3

0.0038

15.6

15.8

15.1

14.5

0.068

   Polysaccharide (absorbable)

26.1

23.7

23.5

23.3

0.0016

23.1

24.1

24.5

24.5

0.0785

25.7

24.1

23.1

23.0

0.0004

   Alcohol

0.5

0.4

0.8

1.9

<.0001

1.6

0.8

0.9

0.6

0.001

0.5

0.6

1.5

1.4

0.001

Energy and nutrient density

               

   Energy (kJ/100 g)

604.4

656.6

711.7

725.3

<.0001

762.4

692.7

656.1

598.7

<.0001

657.1

679

675.1

707.5

0.001

   Fibre (not absorbable) (g/MJ)

3.0

2.3

2.2

1.9

<.0001

1.8

2.2

2.5

2.7

<.0001

2.4

2.4

2.2

2.2

0.021

   Vitamin A (μg/MJ)

144.4

133.7

120.5

113.4

<.0001

106.6

118.0

136.0

148.4

<.0001

119.0

127.1

128.8

134.7

0.052

   Beta-Carotene (μg/MJ)

471.6

403.9

373.9

320.9

<.0001

241.1

332.7

450.0

533.4

<.0001

408.0

397.9

368.9

371.5

0.268

   Vitamin C (mg/MJ)

18.9

16.7

14.0

14.4

0.009

12.0

15.5

16.7

19.5

<.0001

15.8

15.8

16.3

15.4

0.875

Vitamin D (μg/MJ)

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.006

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.015

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.001

   Vitamin E (μg/MJ)

1637.4

1521.5

1428.3

1296.6

<.0001

1271.4

1392.3

1559.8

1623.0

<.0001

1550.4

1471.6

1386.9

1413.7

0.077

   Vitamin K (μg/MJ)

34.3

29.3

28.6

27.1

0.0001

21.6

27.8

31.2

38.1

<.0001

30.3

29.4

29.8

28.6

0.297

   Vitamin B1 (μg/MJ)

208.3

187.4

179.0

160.6

<.0001

166.4

181.4

194.1

187.7

0.042

180.3

184.7

175.1

189.7

0.496

   Vitamin B2 (μg/MJ)

242.0

217.4

190.7

180.6

<.0001

193.7

203.2

215.5

211.0

0.124

210.4

202.4

200.9

208.8

0.888

   Niacin (μg/MJ)

3464.1

3285.9

3300.0

3242.6

0.184

3052.5

3200.5

3528.8

3497.9

0.0003

3349.2

3288

3240

3391.8

0.808

   Vitamin B5 (μg/MJ)

786.2

701.2

644.1

594.2

<.0001

593.0

654.5

733.6

723.6

0.001

694.4

681.1

641.8

681.6

0.600

   Vitamin B6 (μg/MJ)

267.3

245.0

227.5

218.7

0.006

214.5

222.8

262.5

253.9

0.002

243.0

237.7

226.6

245.2

0.978

   Biotin (μg/MJ)

9.3

8.0

7.5

6.3

0.002

6.3

7.6

8.7

8.1

0.040

8.3

8.0

6.9

7.5

0.214

   Folate (μg/MJ)

35.9

29.8

27.5

26.8

<.0001

26.5

27.5

31.7

33.3

0.0002

31.2

29.1

28.8

29.5

0.431

   Vitamin B12 (μg/MJ)

0.6

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.419

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.5

0.999

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.6

<.0001

   Calcium (mg/MJ)

141.6

128.2

112.4

101.4

<.0001

108.5

123.9

126.2

120.0

0.069

125

117.9

118.6

115.6

0.103

   Magnesium (mg/MJ)

50.4

42.8

41.3

37.2

<.0001

36.0

43.0

45.5

45.8

<.0001

45.4

43.0

41.0

40.1

0.0002

   Iron (μg/MJ)

1646.2

1419.0

1427.5

1386.5

<.0001

1333.2

1412.9

1521.3

1586.1

<.0001

1511.3

1476.0

1425.0

1426.1

0.040

  1. *Does not include nutrient intake from dietary supplements
  2. Foods without beverages
  3. Niacin equivalent