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Table 4 Mean daily energy and nutrient density* according to quartiles of the dietary pattern scores identified among German boys

From: Dietary patterns of adolescents in Germany - Associations with nutrient intake and other health related lifestyle characteristics

  Western pattern   Healthy pattern   Traditional pattern  
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P for trend Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P for trend Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P for trend
Energy intake (MJ) 11.0 11.2 12.1 16.5 <.0001 12.7 11.4 12.7 14.9 <.0001 10.2 11.3 14 16.8 <.0001
% of energy                
   Total fat 32.5 34.3 34.1 33.8 0.283 33.6 34.3 33.1 33.8 0.955 31.8 32.9 34.7 35.7 <.0001
   Saturated fatty acids (SFA) 14.0 15.0 14.5 13.8 0.1016 14.4 14.9 14.1 14.0 0.1629 13.3 14.0 14.9 15.4 <.0001
   Unsaturated fatty acids 11.2 11.9 12.1 12.1 0.007 11.9 12.1 11.6 11.8 0.5917 11.1 11.7 12.1 12.7 <.0001
   Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 0.1016 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.3 0.001 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.0 0.5486
   Protein 13.7 13.4 13.9 13.8 0.360 13.0 13.6 13.9 14.3 <.0001 13.7 13.6 13.7 13.9 0.511
   Total Carbohydrates 52.5 50.9 50.4 49.4 0.0003 50.9 50.4 51.2 50.4 0.699 53.0 52.0 49.2 48.2 <.0001
   Monosaccharide 11.3 11.1 11.6 11.2 0.9334 11.9 10.9 11.2 11.1 0.4272 11.8 11.8 10.9 10.5 0.0213
   Disaccharide 14.7 16.0 15.2 15.1 0.9302 16.2 15.3 15.3 14.3 0.0038 15.6 15.8 15.1 14.5 0.068
   Polysaccharide (absorbable) 26.1 23.7 23.5 23.3 0.0016 23.1 24.1 24.5 24.5 0.0785 25.7 24.1 23.1 23.0 0.0004
   Alcohol 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.9 <.0001 1.6 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.001 0.5 0.6 1.5 1.4 0.001
Energy and nutrient density                
   Energy (kJ/100 g) 604.4 656.6 711.7 725.3 <.0001 762.4 692.7 656.1 598.7 <.0001 657.1 679 675.1 707.5 0.001
   Fibre (not absorbable) (g/MJ) 3.0 2.3 2.2 1.9 <.0001 1.8 2.2 2.5 2.7 <.0001 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2 0.021
   Vitamin A (μg/MJ) 144.4 133.7 120.5 113.4 <.0001 106.6 118.0 136.0 148.4 <.0001 119.0 127.1 128.8 134.7 0.052
   Beta-Carotene (μg/MJ) 471.6 403.9 373.9 320.9 <.0001 241.1 332.7 450.0 533.4 <.0001 408.0 397.9 368.9 371.5 0.268
   Vitamin C (mg/MJ) 18.9 16.7 14.0 14.4 0.009 12.0 15.5 16.7 19.5 <.0001 15.8 15.8 16.3 15.4 0.875
Vitamin D (μg/MJ) 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.006 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.015 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.001
   Vitamin E (μg/MJ) 1637.4 1521.5 1428.3 1296.6 <.0001 1271.4 1392.3 1559.8 1623.0 <.0001 1550.4 1471.6 1386.9 1413.7 0.077
   Vitamin K (μg/MJ) 34.3 29.3 28.6 27.1 0.0001 21.6 27.8 31.2 38.1 <.0001 30.3 29.4 29.8 28.6 0.297
   Vitamin B1 (μg/MJ) 208.3 187.4 179.0 160.6 <.0001 166.4 181.4 194.1 187.7 0.042 180.3 184.7 175.1 189.7 0.496
   Vitamin B2 (μg/MJ) 242.0 217.4 190.7 180.6 <.0001 193.7 203.2 215.5 211.0 0.124 210.4 202.4 200.9 208.8 0.888
   Niacin (μg/MJ) 3464.1 3285.9 3300.0 3242.6 0.184 3052.5 3200.5 3528.8 3497.9 0.0003 3349.2 3288 3240 3391.8 0.808
   Vitamin B5 (μg/MJ) 786.2 701.2 644.1 594.2 <.0001 593.0 654.5 733.6 723.6 0.001 694.4 681.1 641.8 681.6 0.600
   Vitamin B6 (μg/MJ) 267.3 245.0 227.5 218.7 0.006 214.5 222.8 262.5 253.9 0.002 243.0 237.7 226.6 245.2 0.978
   Biotin (μg/MJ) 9.3 8.0 7.5 6.3 0.002 6.3 7.6 8.7 8.1 0.040 8.3 8.0 6.9 7.5 0.214
   Folate (μg/MJ) 35.9 29.8 27.5 26.8 <.0001 26.5 27.5 31.7 33.3 0.0002 31.2 29.1 28.8 29.5 0.431
   Vitamin B12 (μg/MJ) 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.419 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.999 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 <.0001
   Calcium (mg/MJ) 141.6 128.2 112.4 101.4 <.0001 108.5 123.9 126.2 120.0 0.069 125 117.9 118.6 115.6 0.103
   Magnesium (mg/MJ) 50.4 42.8 41.3 37.2 <.0001 36.0 43.0 45.5 45.8 <.0001 45.4 43.0 41.0 40.1 0.0002
   Iron (μg/MJ) 1646.2 1419.0 1427.5 1386.5 <.0001 1333.2 1412.9 1521.3 1586.1 <.0001 1511.3 1476.0 1425.0 1426.1 0.040
  1. *Does not include nutrient intake from dietary supplements
  2. Foods without beverages
  3. Niacin equivalent