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Table 3 Socio-demographic and behavioural sample characteristics of German girls according to quartiles of dietary pattern scores

From: Dietary patterns of adolescents in Germany - Associations with nutrient intake and other health related lifestyle characteristics

Dietary patterns Healthy   Traditional and Western  
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 p Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 p
n 162 163 163 162   162 163 163 162  
Age (mean) 14.6 14.3 14.6 14.8 0.2309 15.0 14.4 14.6 14.3 0.0108
Community size (number of subjects, %)           
   < 5000 inhabitants 29.4 25.9 29.8 14.9   29.6 20.3 22.9 27.2  
   5000 - < 100000 inhabitants 25.1 26.3 20.6 27.9   24.5 26.1 25.8 23.7  
   > 100000 inhabitants 22.0 21.7 22.4 33.9 0.0582 28.4 25.9 23.4 22.3 0.8168
Socioeconomic status (3-21) §† 11.5 11.0 12.8 11.4 0.4352 12.8 11.7 12.2 9.8 <.0001
Education (number of subjects %)           
   Grammar school 23.6 20.2 27.5 28.8   31.9 23.4 27.7 17.0  
   Secondary school|| 27.0 30.5 19.5 23.0   22.1 23.0 21.1 33.8  
   Others 28.9 24.4 17.4 29.3 0.1290 24.5 31.5 27.2 16.8 0.0019
Dietary supplement user (number of subjects, %) ঠ19.3 22.4 23.2 35.1 0.1759 29.9 18.1 22.6 29.5 0.2568
Joint family meals (number of subjects, %)           
breakfast at least three or five times a week 23.7 25.5 27.4 23.5   27.7 23.7 24.1 24.6  
  more seldom or never 25.9 25.1 19.9 29.1 0.2244 25.5 25.7 24.9 24.0 0.9405
lunch at least three or five times a week 23.9 26.9 21.6 27.6   26.3 26.2 23.2 24.3  
  more seldom or never 26.6 23.3 23.4 26.8 0.7373 26.1 23.5 26.4 24.1 0.8447
dinner at least three or five times a week 24.5 26.8 21.7 27.1   26.4 24.1 25.9 23.6  
  more seldom or never 26.2 21.6 24.7 27.6 0.6814 26.4 26.6 21.4 25.6 0.7490
Lunch at school (number of subjects, %)           
  Five times a week 5.0 6.6 6.1 3.5   2.0 6.7 5.0 7.9  
  at least one or two times a week 14.0 27.4 16.8 9.1   17.2 19.3 13.7 14.6  
  more seldom or never 81.1 66.0 77.1 87.4 0.0531 80.8 74.0 81.3 77.5 0.5885
Cooking skills (number of subjects, %)           
  very good 22.8 24.7 19.8 32.8   29.8 21.6 22.6 26.1  
  good 26.3 24.1 25.2 24.4   24.2 26.1 26.1 23.6  
  worse 28.4 29.8 20.0 21.8 0.1413 26.4 28.2 24.5 20.9 0.3977
Physical activity (hours per week) 3.5 4.2 3.6 3.2 0.2021 4.3 3.3 3.4 3.5 0.1801
Time spent watching TV a day           
  0 to 30 minutes 20.9 22.5 27.2 29.3   35.1 25.3 20.1 19.6  
  1 to 2 hour 24.4 27.1 22.4 26.2   27.0 25.3 26.1 21.6  
  3 to 4 hour or more 32.7 21.1 19.0 27.2 0.4633 16.0 22.4 24.9 36.7 0.0144
Overweight adolescents (number of subjects, %) 24.1 31.8 26.0 18.1 0.3941 31.5 25.6 22.8 20.1 0.7781
  1. test for trends
  2. Χ² statistics
  3. § Index according to Winkler [33]
  4. Haupt- oder Realschule
  5. at least one time supplement use within a reference period of 4 weeks