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Table 3 Socio-demographic and behavioural sample characteristics of German girls according to quartiles of dietary pattern scores

From: Dietary patterns of adolescents in Germany - Associations with nutrient intake and other health related lifestyle characteristics

Dietary patterns

Healthy

 

Traditional and Western

 
 

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

p

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

p

n

162

163

163

162

 

162

163

163

162

 

Age (mean)

14.6

14.3

14.6

14.8

0.2309

15.0

14.4

14.6

14.3

0.0108

Community size (number of subjects, %)

          

   < 5000 inhabitants

29.4

25.9

29.8

14.9

 

29.6

20.3

22.9

27.2

 

   5000 - < 100000 inhabitants

25.1

26.3

20.6

27.9

 

24.5

26.1

25.8

23.7

 

   > 100000 inhabitants

22.0

21.7

22.4

33.9

0.0582

28.4

25.9

23.4

22.3

0.8168

Socioeconomic status (3-21) §†

11.5

11.0

12.8

11.4

0.4352

12.8

11.7

12.2

9.8

<.0001

Education (number of subjects %)

          

   Grammar school

23.6

20.2

27.5

28.8

 

31.9

23.4

27.7

17.0

 

   Secondary school||

27.0

30.5

19.5

23.0

 

22.1

23.0

21.1

33.8

 

   Others

28.9

24.4

17.4

29.3

0.1290

24.5

31.5

27.2

16.8

0.0019

Dietary supplement user (number of subjects, %) ‡¶

19.3

22.4

23.2

35.1

0.1759

29.9

18.1

22.6

29.5

0.2568

Joint family meals (number of subjects, %)

          

breakfast

at least three or five times a week

23.7

25.5

27.4

23.5

 

27.7

23.7

24.1

24.6

 
 

more seldom or never

25.9

25.1

19.9

29.1

0.2244

25.5

25.7

24.9

24.0

0.9405

lunch

at least three or five times a week

23.9

26.9

21.6

27.6

 

26.3

26.2

23.2

24.3

 
 

more seldom or never

26.6

23.3

23.4

26.8

0.7373

26.1

23.5

26.4

24.1

0.8447

dinner

at least three or five times a week

24.5

26.8

21.7

27.1

 

26.4

24.1

25.9

23.6

 
 

more seldom or never

26.2

21.6

24.7

27.6

0.6814

26.4

26.6

21.4

25.6

0.7490

Lunch at school (number of subjects, %)

          
 

Five times a week

5.0

6.6

6.1

3.5

 

2.0

6.7

5.0

7.9

 
 

at least one or two times a week

14.0

27.4

16.8

9.1

 

17.2

19.3

13.7

14.6

 
 

more seldom or never

81.1

66.0

77.1

87.4

0.0531

80.8

74.0

81.3

77.5

0.5885

Cooking skills (number of subjects, %)

          
 

very good

22.8

24.7

19.8

32.8

 

29.8

21.6

22.6

26.1

 
 

good

26.3

24.1

25.2

24.4

 

24.2

26.1

26.1

23.6

 
 

worse

28.4

29.8

20.0

21.8

0.1413

26.4

28.2

24.5

20.9

0.3977

Physical activity (hours per week)

3.5

4.2

3.6

3.2

0.2021

4.3

3.3

3.4

3.5

0.1801

Time spent watching TV a day

          
 

0 to 30 minutes

20.9

22.5

27.2

29.3

 

35.1

25.3

20.1

19.6

 
 

1 to 2 hour

24.4

27.1

22.4

26.2

 

27.0

25.3

26.1

21.6

 
 

3 to 4 hour or more

32.7

21.1

19.0

27.2

0.4633

16.0

22.4

24.9

36.7

0.0144

Overweight adolescents (number of subjects, %)

24.1

31.8

26.0

18.1

0.3941

31.5

25.6

22.8

20.1

0.7781

  1. test for trends
  2. Χ² statistics
  3. § Index according to Winkler [33]
  4. Haupt- oder Realschule
  5. at least one time supplement use within a reference period of 4 weeks