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Table 3 Complications and their frequency for medical MC of men in RCTs in South Africa (3.8%, all mild or moderate), Kenya (1.7%, all mild or moderate) and Uganda (4% mild, 3% moderate [breakdown not disclosed] and 1% severe [shown])

From: A 'snip' in time: what is the best age to circumcise?

Condition South Africa Kenya Uganda
Bleeding post-op 0.6% 0.4% 0.08%
Infection 0.2% 0.4% 0.04%
Wound disruption 0% 0.3% 0.04%
Delayed healing 0.1% 0.2% -†
Swelling or hematoma 0.6% 0.1% -
Severe pain 0.8% 0%* -
Appearance problem 0.6% 0% -
Damage to the penis 0.3% 0% -
Too much skin removed 0% 0% -
Too little skin removed 0.3% 0% -
Anesthesia-related event 0.06% 0.1% -
Problem urinating 0% 0% -
Other 0.3% 0.4% -
Death 0% 0% -
  1. Refs: [5658], respectively
  2. *At the 3-day post-operative visit pain was zero in 48% of men, mild in 52% and severe in none
  3. †Dashes indicate that the item was not reported in the publication