Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of risk factors according to categories of different obesity indices

From: Association between obesity indices and cardiovascular risk factors in late adolescence in the Seychelles

  Males Females
  BMI Waist WHiR WHtR Fat% BMI Waist WHiR WHtR Fat%
Blood pressure ≥120/80 mmHg (M: 52.3%; F: 21.9%)*      
 P <50 39.7 40.6 49.5 41.2 43.3 10.5 9.1 22.8 14.9 9.6
 P 50-79 62.6 58.3 45.7 57.6 59.3 30.4 36.7 22.1 24.6 31.9
 P 80-89 75.0 75.0 72.2 75.0 60.0 39.1 25.9 26.0 34.8 40.9
 P 90+ 63.1 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.4 36.4 34.7 13.0 36.4 34.7
  0.004 0.007 ns 0.009 0.080 0.000 0.000 ns 0.037 0.000
LDL-cholesterol ≥3.0 mmol/l (M: 10.8%; F: 29.0%)       
 P <50 3.1 5.2 6.1 6.2 9.3 23.7 27.3 28.1 25.4 23,7
 P 50-79 15.5 11.7 15.2 8.5 10.2 27.5 26.4 26.4 27.5 27.5
 P 80-89 15.0 20.0 11.1 25.0 15.0 56.5 33.3 34.7 43.5 45.4
 P 90+ 31.6 26.3 21.1 26.3 15.8 31.8 39.1 34.7 36.4 43.5
  0.004 0.021 ns 0.010 ns 0.017 ns ns ns 0.076
HDL-cholesterol <1.03 mmol/l (M: 14.4%; F: 19.3%)       
 P <50 8.1 11.4 17.2 10.3 8.2 16.7 13.6 14.9 13.2 18.4
 P 50-79 20.7 15.0 11.9 16.9 20.3 23.2 25.0 20.5 29.0 20.2
 P 80-89 10.0 15.0 11.0 10.0 20.0 30.4 30.9 30.4 26.1 27.3
 P 90+ 31.6 26.3 10.5 31.6 21.0 10.0 17.3 26.1 13.6 13.0
  ns ns ns ns ns ns ns 0.018 ns Ns
Triglycerides ≥1.00 mmol/l (M: 10.3%; F: 12.7%)       
 P <50 5.1 6.5 6.1 7.2 7.2 5.2 4.5 12.3 4.3 7.0
 P 50-79 8.6 6.7 8.5 3.4 5.1 15.9 16.1 10.3 15.9 10.1
 P 80-89 20.0 25.0 16.7 20.0 20.0 21.7 18.5 21.7 21.7 27.3
 P 90+ 31.6 26.3 31.6 36.8 31.6 31.8 34.8 13.0 36.4 34.8
  0.002 0.006 0.006 0.000 0.003 0.002 0.000 ns 0.000 0.000
Glycemia ≥5.6 mmol/l (M: 23.1%; F: 8.8%)        
 P <50 24.5 26.0 23.2 24.7 21.6 5.3 5.4 7.0 6.1 3.5
 P 50-79 24.1 20.0 22.0 20.3 28.8 4.3 5.8 10.3 4.3 7.2
 P 80-89 10.0 15.0 27.8 30.0 25.0 17.3 14.8 13.0 13.0 27.3
 P 90+ 26.3 26.3 21.0 15.7 10.5 31.8 26.0 8.8 31.8 21.7
  ns ns ns ns ns 0.000 0.007 ns 0.000 0.000
Uric acid >0.39 (M) or > 0.31 (F) μg/l (M: 20%; F: 20%)      
 P <50 14.3 11.4 14.1 13.4 13.4 14.9 15.5 20.2 16.7 15.8
 P 50-79 15.5 21.7 30.5 20.3 20.3 23.2 20.5 16.2 18.8 17.4
 P 80-89 20.0 25.0 5.5 20 25.0 17.3 22.2 30.4 17.3 31.8
 P 90+ 52.6 42.0 21.0 42.1 36.8 40.9 39.1 21.7 45.4 39.1
  0.001 0.012 ns 0.034 ns 0.04 ns ns 0.02 0.034
  1. * The overall prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) is displayed between parentheses for males (M) and females (F).
  2. BMI: body mass index; WHiR; waist/hip ratio; WHtR: waist/height ratio; Fat%: percent body fat (bioimpedance).
  3. P values are indicated in italic.