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Table 2 Anaemia and clinical/immunological stage

From: Anaemia in HIV-infected children: severity, types and effect on response to HAART

Disease stage at baseline Anaemia No anaemia P value
n = 148 (%) n = 109 (%)
Clinical disease stage    
 Early (Stage I &II) 31 (20.9) 58 (53.2%) <0.0001
 Late (Stage III &IV) 117 (79.1) 51 (46.8%)  
Immunological disease stage    
 No or mild ISS§ 65 (43.9) 70 (64.2%) 0.001*
 Advanced or Severe ISS§ 83 (56.1) 39 (35.8%)  
Mean CD4 percentage    
Age under 5 years 24.74 (n=111) 32.32 (n=34) 0.011*
 Age over 5 years 18.11 (n=37) 27.48 (n=75) 0.002*
 Combined mean CD4+ % 23.27 28.71 0.004*
Mean CD4 absolute count    
 Over 5 years 257.32 489.01 <0.0001*
  1. * indicates a significant p value.
  2. § ISS=Immune Suppression Syndrome.