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Table 1 Patient characteristics at recruitment

From: Anaemia in HIV-infected children: severity, types and effect on response to HAART

Characteristic Anaemia No anaemia Chi-square P value
  n = 148 (%) n = 109 (%)   
Gender     
 Female 85 (57.4) 53 (48.6) 1.959 0.167
Residence     
 Rural 110 (74.3) 82 (75.2) 0.027 0.886
Age categories     
 < 12 months 22 (14.9) 3 (2.8)   
 12-59 months 89 (60.1) 31 (28.4)   
 60 months and above 37 (25) 75 (68.8) 50.613 <0.0001*
Previous admission 113 (76.4) 48 (44) 28.01 <0.0001*
Presence of OI 108 (73.0) 58 (53.7) 10.170 0.001*
Nutritional status     
 Mean WAZ −2.46 −1.66   <0.0001*
 Mean WHZ −2.54 −2.08   0.023*
 MUAC for the < 5 (mean) 11.99 13.54   0.001*
Co-trimoxazole use 50 (33.8) 20 (18.3) 7.546 0.004*
Baseline reticulocyte count 3.1 1.2   <0.0001*
  1. WAZ = Weight for age Z scores.WHZ = Weight for height Z scores.MUAC = Mid upper arm circumference.* Statistically significant.