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Table 4 Treatment of the liveborns

From: Population based trends in mortality, morbidity and treatment for very preterm- and very low birth weight infants over 12 years

  supplemental oxygen No. (%) surfactant No. (%) antenatal steroids No. (%)
1996-2008 1 1933 (64.8) 972 (32.6) 2311 (77.5)
19961 472 (67.2) 174 (24.8) 475 (67.7)
20001 489 (65.2) 221 (29.5) 508 (67.7)
20041 492 (67.6) 255 (35.0) 594 (81.6)
20081 480 (59.8) 322 (40.1) 734 (91.4)
p-value 1996-2008 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  No. (%) p-value No. (%) p-value No. (%) p-value
Gender       
   - female 922 (63.1) 0.77 435 (29.8) 0.50 1132 (77.4) 0.99
   - male 1011 (66.5)   537 (35.3)   1179 (77.5)  
Location of birth       
   - inborn2 1728 (64.0) 0.48 865 (32.0) 0.49 2144 (79.4) 0.08
   - outborn 205 (72.2)   107 (37.7)   167 (58.8)  
Mode of delivery3       
   - spontaneous 327 (62.0) 0.76 141 (26.8) 0.38 392 (74.4) 0.71
   - caesarean section 1537 (65.5)   789 (33.6)   1852 (78.9)  
Number of infants       
   - singleton 1387 (67.2) 0.49 722 (35.0) 0.49 1525 (73.8) 0.35
   - multiples 546 (59.5)   250 (27.2)   786 (85.6)  
Gestational age4       
   < 26 234 (88.0)   167 (62.8)   201 (75.6)  
   26-27 435 (89.5)   286 (58.8)   377 (77.6)  
   28-29 534 (78.0)   261 (38.1)   536 (78.2)  
   30-31 234 (20.8)   234 (20.8)   903 (80.3)  
  1. 1 infants who died in the delivery room were excluded, 2 born in one of the nine perinatal centres, 3 cephalic forceps and cephalic ventouse deliveries were not listed separately, 4 children born > 32 completed gestational weeks were not listed separately