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Table 2 Incidence of NEC and late-onset gram-negative or fungal positive cultures in ELBW infants from 2004 to 2011

From: Effect of routine probiotic, Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938, use on rates of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with birthweight < 1000 grams: a sequential analysis

Year 2004 (n = 53) 2005 (n = 25) 2006 (n = 48) 2007 (n = 44) 2008 (n = 39) 2009 2010 (n = 36) # 2011 (n = 17) #
       n = 23 n = 26 #   
Med NEC, No. (%) 4 (7.5) 2 (8) 4 (8.3) 1 (2.3) 4 (10.3) 1 (2) 0 0 0
Surg NEC, No. (%) 3 (5.7) 1 (4) 3 (6.3) 1 (2.3) 3 (7.7) 1 (2) 0 2 (5.6) 0
NEC-related death, No. (%) 2 (3.8) 1 (4) 1 (2.1) 1 (2.3) 1 (2.6) 1 (2) 0 0 0
Total NEC, % 17 16 16.7 6.8 20.5 6.1 0 5.6 0
Infection, No. (%) 16 (30.2) 4 (16) 20 (42.7) 17 (38.6) 13 (33.3) 2 (8.7) 6 (23) 7 (19.4) 6 (35.3)
  1. # Patients treated routinely with prophylactic Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938.