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Table 5 Multivariate analysis of risk factors for neonatal and early mortality a

From: Pregnancy loss and role of infant HIV status on perinatal mortality among HIV-infected women

  Neonatal mortality Adjusted HR (95% CI) Early mortality Adjusted HR (95% CI)
Model 1   
Low birth weight 6.10 (3.17–11.72) 7.52 (4.52–12.52)
Preterm birth 2.07 (1.08–3.94) n/a
Stopping breastfeeding 8.61 (2.46–30.09) 8.36 (3.91–17.89)
CD4 count <350/mm3 n/a 1.82 (1.03–3.24)
History of tuberculosis 2.36 (1.14–4.92) n/a
Maternal aged <20 years vs. 20–30 years 3.05 (1.3–6.81) 2.58 (1.24–5.38)
Having 2+ children age 5–16 years n/a 0.44 (0.24–0.82)
Model 2   
HIV status   
IU transmission 2.00 (0.58–6.89) 2.76 (1.25–6.08)
IP transmission 0.77 (0.10–5.80) 1.87 (0.56–6.16)
Low birth weight 6.69 (2.68–16.71) 8.11 (4.33–15.21)
Preterm birth 2.75 (1.13–6.69) n/a
Stopping breastfeedingb 5.50 (1.20–25.17) 9.84 (4.36–22.20)
Having 2+ children aged 5–16 years n/a 0.46 (0.22–0.96)
  1. a Adjusted hazard ratios in models including all covariates as shown.
  2. b Stopping breastfeeding was fitted as a time-dependent covariate.