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Table 2 Relative number of correct responses to study questions

From: Pediatric first aid knowledge and attitudes among staff in the preschools of Shanghai, China

First aid knowledge Healthcare providers No. (%) (N = 66) Teachers No. (%) (N = 405) Total, No. (%) (N = 1067)
Percentage of correct responses from <30%    
Convulsive seizures——position the child on his left side first 119 (18.0) 57 (14.1) 176 (16.5)
Survey the scene first in the accidents 143 (21.6) 81 (20.0) 224 (21.0)
Inhaled poison——remove the child from the toxic area first 203 (30.7) 91 (22.5) 294 (27.6)
Chemical injury to eye——put on disposable gloves and flush the chemical from the eye with lukewarm water 158 (23.9) 87 (21.5) 245 (23.0)
Percentage of correct responses from 30% to 60%    
Choking and coughing child——do nothing, except reassure the child and observe the child closely 202 (30.5) 116 (28.6) 318 (30.1)
Caring for a choking child, call EMS after 2 minutes of performing first aid care 253 (38.2) 142 (35.1) 395 (37.0)
Bites to the tongue ——apply pressure with a piece of gauze or cloth to stop the bleeding 296 (44.7) 118 (29.1) 414 (38.8)
Fainting——lay the child on his or her back and loosen any tight clothing 292 (44.1) 148 (36.5) 440 (41.2)
Heatstroke——cool the child immediately and call EMS 276 (41.7) 173 (42.7) 449 (42.1)
reduce infection by flushing the injured area with running water; 289 (43.7) 169 (41.7) 458 (42.9)
before CPR, determine that breathing and coughing are absent 346 (52.3) 211 (52.1) 557 (52.2)
Insect stings——move the child to a safe area and remove any stingers 387 (58.5) 212 (52.3) 599 (56.1)
Nosebleeds——pinch the soft parts of the nose and press against the bones of the face 423 (63.9) 211 (52.1) 634 (59.4)
Penetrating injury to eye——call EMS 408 (61.6) 230 (56.8) 638 (59.8)
Percentage of correct responses >60%    
Punctures——Soak the wound in clean water 455 (61.2) 250 (61.7) 655 (61.4)
Swallowed poison——remove traces of the poisonous from the child’s mouth first and then call EMS 444 (67.1) 270 (66.7) 714 (66.9)
Bleeding——place firm, direct pressure on the wound 472 (71.3) 250 (61.7) 722 (67.7)
Dog bites——care for the wound and check with animal control officer 496 (74.9) 248 (61.2) 744 (69.7)
Spinal injury——avoid moving the child at all, and keep the neck and back aligned 524 (79.2) 327 (80.7) 851 (79.8)
Burns——place the burned area in cool water 552 (83.4) 318 (78.5) 870 (81.5)
Electrical burns——turn off the power source if possible and call EMS 554 (82.2) 335 (82.7) 879 (82.4)
Bone injury——rest and call EMS 562 (84.9) 341 (84.2) 903 (84.6)
Keeping dangerous materials in an inaccessible place and locked up 605 (91.4) 353 (87.2) 958 (89.8)
Swelling——apply cold, then wrap and elevate the injured body part 614 (92.7) 348 (85.9) 962 (90.2)