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Table 2 Bivariate (Unadjusted) and partial (Controlled for Gender and Age) correlations of BMI, WHR and SAD to anthropometric and metabolic parameters

From: Association of body mass index, sagittal abdominal diameter and waist-hip ratio with cardiometabolic risk factors and adipocytokines in Arab children and adolescents

PARAMETERS BMI z-score WHR SAD z-score
  Bivariate Partial Bivariate Partial Bivariate Partial
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 0.40 ** 0.19 ** 0.11 - 0.03 0.32 ** 0.20 **
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 0.29 ** 0.18 ** - 0.01 - 0.03 0.25 ** 0.16 **
Glucose (mmol/l) 0.19 ** 0.18 ** 0.07 * 0.06 0.09 ** 0.02
Insulin (IU/ml) 0.52 ** - 0.01 0.17 * 0.10 0.38 ** - 0.10
HOMA-IR 0.52 ** - 0.01 0.21 ** 0.12 * 0.36 ** - 0.10
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.30 ** 0.21 ** 0.11 * 0.23 ** 0.17 ** 0.08 *
Total Cholesterol (mmol/l) 0.13 ** 0.14 ** - 0.02 - 0.11* 0.08 * 0.02
LDL-Cholesterol (mmol/l) 0.17 ** 0.17 ** - 0.04 - 0.24 ** 0.11 0.06
HDL-Cholesterol (mmol/l) - 0.25 ** - 0.19 ** - 0.04 0.09 - 0.20 ** - 0.14 **
Leptin (ng/ml) 0.49 ** 0.34 ** 0.04 0.01 0.35 ** 0.22 **
Adiponectin (μg/ml) - 0.25 ** - 0.14 - 0.14 0.00 - 0.20 ** - 0.16
Resistin (ng/ml) 0.18 ** 0.12 - 0.11 ** - 0.08 0.18 ** 0.07 *
ANG II (ng/ml) 0.04 - 0.01 0.07 0.15 * - 0.03 0.02
aPAI-1 (ng/ml) 0.13 ** 0.14 0.02 - 0.00 0.10 ** 0.10 **
C-Reactive Protein (μg/ml) 0.04 0.05 0.06 - 0.06 0.02 0.12
TNF-α (pg/ml) −0.03 −0.50 −0.04 −0.42 −0.02 −0.31
  1. Note: Data presented as coefficients (R); * denotes p-value < 0.05 level; ** denotes p-value < 0.01 level.