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Table 2 Changes in blood parameters at baseline and 12 weeks

From: A 12-week after-school physical activity programme improves endothelial cell function in overweight and obese children: a randomised controlled study

   Exercise Group (n = 15) Control Group (n = 14)  p -value (Interaction)
Triacylglycerol (mmol/L) Baseline 1.1 ± 0.2 1.0 ± 0.1 0.362
12 weeks 1.2 ± 0.1 1.3 ± 0.1
TC (mmol/L) Baseline 3.8 ± 0.2 3.8 ± 0.1 0.108
12 weeks 4.0 ± 0.2 4.3 ± 0.2
HDL-C (mmol/L) Baseline 1.1 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1 0.379
12 weeks 1.4 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1
LDL-C (mmol/L) Baseline 2.3 ± 0.2 2.3 ± 0.1 0.282
12 weeks 2.4 ± 0.1 2.5 ± 0.1
Glucose (mmol/L) Baseline 4.2 ± 0.2 4.5 ± 0.1 0.805
12 weeks 4.2 ± 0.1 4.6 ± 0.1
Insulin (pmol/L) Baseline 10.3 ± 1.0 12.8 ± 1.8 0.957
12 weeks 10.9 ± 1.1 13.3 ± 0.9
Adiponectin (ng/mL) Baseline 14380 ± 1290 12558 ± 385 0.293
12 weeks 15950 ± 1731 12704 ± 457
hs-CRP (mg/dL) Baseline 0.16 ± 0.04 0.19 ± 0.07 0.143
12 weeks 0.14 ± 0.03 0.07 ± 0.01
sE-selectin (ng/mL) Baseline 50 ± 2 46 ± 2 0.001
12 weeks 49 ± 2 53 ± 2
VEGF (pg/mL) Baseline 86 ± 14 126 ± 17 0.029
12 weeks 152 ± 20 120 ± 17
NO (μM) Baseline 8.1 ± 0.6 9.5 ± 0.6 0.001
12 weeks 10.6 ± 1.0 7.0 ± 0.3
  1. Values are mean ± SEM. TC, total cholesterol; HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol; hs-CRP, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein; sE-selectin, soluble E-selectin; VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor; NO, nitric oxide.