Skip to main content

Table 4 Electronic and paper score by factor

From: Electronic and paper versions of a faces pain intensity scale: concordance and preference in hospitalized children

   Palm score Paper record score Difference a p within
Randomization Palm/Paper (n = 104) 3.13 (2.21) 3.02 (2.25) 0.115 (0.998) 0.315
  Paper/Palm (n = 98) 3.29 (2.30) 3.24 (2.43) 0.041 (0.907) 0.825
  p between 0.716 0.577 0.517  
Preference Preference Electronic (n = 159) 3.04 (2.11) 2.94 (2.18) 0.101 (1.001) 0.209
  Preference Paper (n = 23) 4.00 (2.95) 4.09 (3.16) -0.087 (0.733) 1.000
  p between 0.159 0.136 0.375  
Ward Medicine (n = 36) 4.22 (2.07) 4.33 (2.11) -0.111 (0.820) 0.688
  Surgery (n = 166) 2.99 (2.23) 2.87 (2.30) 0.120 (0.977) 0.116
  p between < 0.001 < 0.001 0.169  
Age (3 categories) 4-6 years (n = 60) 2.63 (2.10) 2.53 (2.24) 0.100 (0.933) 0.590
  7-9 years (n = 66) 3.33 (2.39) 3.06 (2.36) 0.273 (1.046) 0.057
  10-12 years (n = 76) 3.55 (2.18) 3.66 (2.30) -0.105 (0.858) 0.432
  p between 0.035 b 0.009 b 0.099  
Sex Female (n = 85) 3.51 (2.41) 3.27 (2.37) 0.235 (0.947) 0.037
  Male (n = 117) 2.99 (2.11) 3.03 (2.31) -0.034 (0.946) 0.811
  p between 0.168 0.463 0.056  
Analgesic treatment None (n = 40) 3.03 (2.33) 3.00 (2.48) 0.300 (1.067) 0.156
  Level 1 (n = 64) 2.63 (2.07) 2.44 (2.09) 0.188 (0.924) 0.180
  Level 2 (n = 53) 3.47 (1.93) 3.58 (1.98) -0.113 (0.993) 0.594
  Level 3 (n = 45) 3.64 (2.64) 3.69 (2.70) -0.044 (0.796) 1.000
  p between 0.079 0.001 c 0.120  
  1. aDifference equals electronic assessment minus paper assessment
  2. b4-6 years group significantly different from 10-12 years group
  3. cLevel 1 different from Level 2 and Level 3
  4. pwtihin : comparison to 0 (sign rank test)
  5. pbetween : Wilcoxon test
  6. * Analgesic levels: reference to the three step analgesic ladder of WHO