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Table 2 Comparison HIV exposed uninfected children and age matched HIV unexposed children

From: Outcome of HIV-exposed uninfected children undergoing surgery

  HIVe(n = 38) Age matched HIVn(n = 114) Relative Risk Significance
Age(months) 4.5 (0.8-11.2) 4.4(1.8-11)   p = 0.6
Nutrition     
• Z-score weight for age -1.74 (-3.4- -0.5) -0.86(-1.8- 0)   P = 0.01*
• Malnutrition (Z-score<-2) 18 (47.4%) 26 (22.8%) RR = 2 (1.3-3.3) p = 0.004*
Major cases 17 (44.7%) 34(29.8%)   p = 0.09
Contaminated cases 15 (39.4%) 20(17.5%) RR = 2.1 (1.3-3.7) p = 0.01*
Emergency cases 12 (31.5%) 51(44.7%)   p = 0.2
No. of patients with a Complication 9 (23.7%) 10(8.7%) RR = 2.3 (1.3-4.1) p = 0.008*
Mortality 2 (5.2%) 0(0)   p = 0.01*
Length of stay (days) 3-(2-7) 2(1-5)   P = 0.2
  1. Values expressed as medians (interquartile range) for continuous and number (percentage) for dichotomous variables. Relative risk is expressed as the RR (95%confidence interval) * are significant values.