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Table 1 Comparison of HIV exposed uninfected and HIV unexposed children

From: Outcome of HIV-exposed uninfected children undergoing surgery

  HIVe(n = 38) HIVn(n = 245) Relative Risk Significance
Age(months) 4.5 (0.8-11.2) 12.7(4.4-29.4)   p < 0.00001*
Nutrition     
• Z-score weight for age -1.74 (-3.4- -0.5) -0.63(-1.7-0.18)   P = 0.0002*
• Malnutrition (Z-score<-2) 18 (47.4%) 43 (17.5%) RR = 2.7(1.8-4.2) p < 0.00001*
Major cases 17 (44.7%) 64 (26.1%) RR = 1.7(1.2-2.6) P = 0.01*
Contaminated cases 15 (39.4%) 49 (20%) RR = 2 (1.3-3.1) P = 0.008*
Emergency cases 12 (31.5%) 95 (38.8%)   P = 0.8
No. of patients with a Complication 9 (23.7%) 14 (5.7%) RR = 4.2 (1.9-8.9) p < 0-.0001*
Mortality 2 (5.2%) 0(0%)   P = 0.0003*
Length of stay (days) 3-(2-7) 2(1-4)   P = 0.02*
  1. Values expressed as medians (interquartile range) for continuous and number (percentage) for dichotomous variables. Relative risk is expressed as the RR (95%confidence interval) * are significant values.