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Table 1 Clinical and Demographic Features of the Study Sample (n = 139)

From: Growth of a cohort of very low birth weight infants in Johannesburg, South Africa

  Variable Number (%)
Birth weight: Mean 1199.6 g (1166.0;1233.2)1
  <1000 g 21 (15%)
  1000 - 1500 g 118 (85%)
Gestational Age: Mean 31 weeks (30.5;31.5)1
Sex: Male 49 (35.3%)
  Female 90 (64.7%)
Race: African 129 (92.8%)
  Mixed 7 (5%)
  Asiatic 2 (1.5%)
  White 1 (0.7%)
No. of babies: Singleton 119 (85.6%)
  Twins 18 (12.9%)
  Triplets 2 (1.5%)
Size for gestation: AGA2 71 (51.1%)
  SGA3 68 (48.9%)
Ventilation: Nasal CPAP4 10 (7.2%)
  IPPV5 30 (21.6%)
  Total 40 (28.8%)
Feeding 6: Breastfed 7 (5%)
  Formula fed 109 (78.4%)
  Mixed 23 (16.6%)
HIV status: Exposed 31 (22%)
  Unexposed 79 (57%)
  Refused testing 10 (7%)
  Unknown 19 (14%)
  1. 195% confidence interval; 2Appropriate for gestational age; 3Small for gestational age; 4Continuous positive airway pressure; 5Intermittent positive airway pressure; 6Feeding post discharge.