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Table 8 Grouping of treatments for the clinical seizures group.

From: Traditional and non-traditional treatments for autism spectrum disorder with seizures: an on-line survey

Antiepileptic Drugs (Cluster 1)
AED Subcluster 1 AED Subcluster 2 AED Subcluster 3
Valproic acid
Lamotrigine
Levetiracetam
Ethosuximide
Phenytoin
Clonazepam
Carbamazepine
Oxcarbazepine
Topiramate
Gabapentin
Zonisamide
Felbamate
Phenobarbitol
Non-Antiepileptic Drugs (Cluster 2)
Non-AED Subcluster 1 Non-AED Subcluster 2 Non-AED Subcluster 3
Ketogenic Diet
Atkins Diet
Gluten-free Casein-free Diet
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Vitamin B6
Intravenous Immunoglobulin
L-Carnitine/Acetyl-L-Carnitine
CoQ10
Vitamin B12
Dimethylglycine
Taurine
GABA
Magnesium
5HTP
L-Carnosine
Chelation
Glutathione
Specific carbohydrate diet
Steroids
Vagus Nerve Stimulator
  1. Two levels of cluster analyses were performed. The first cluster analysis (Tier 1) divided treatments into anti-epileptic medication and non-antiepileptic medications. Cluster analysis was applied to the two Tier 1 clusters separated. Three Tier 2 subclusters were found for both initial clusters.