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Table 12 Rates of specific adverse effects for the non-antiepileptic drug treatments reported to be most effective

From: Traditional and non-traditional treatments for autism spectrum disorder with seizures: an on-line survey

Adverse Effects Ketogenic
Diet
Atkin's or
modified
Atkin's Diet
Gluten-free
Casein-free
Diet
Hyperbaric
Oxygen
Therapy
Mood Instability or Anger 0% 0% 2% 4%
Behavioral Change 2% 0% 1% 2%
Drowsiness/tiredness/fatigue 8% 0% 1% 0%
Change in appetite or weight 2% 10% 2% 0%
Increase in seizures 4% 0% 0% 0%
Constipation or diarrhea 12% 5% 3% 0%
Sleep disruption 2% 0% 0% 4%
Inattention or confusion 0% 0% 1% 2%
Rash or allergic reaction 0% 0% 0% 0%
Hyperactivity 2% 0% 0% 0%
Nausea and/or vomiting 2% 0% 0% 0%
Ataxia, tremor or dizziness 0% 0% 0% 0%
Unusual infection 0% 0% 0% 4%
Movement disorder 2% 0% 0% 0%
Anxiety 0% 0% 0% 0%
Headache 0% 0% 0% 0%
Hair loss 0% 0% 0% 0%
Visual disturbances 0% 0% 0% 0%
Speech disturbance 0% 0% 0% 0%
Enuresis 0% 0% 0% 0%
Other 10% 0% 0% 2%