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Table 1 Trends in Hospital Episode Statistics for foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and related conditions, in residents of England 2002/03 to 2007/08.

From: Under-reporting of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders: an analysis of hospital episode statistics

  Q86.0: Foetal alcohol syndrome (dysmorphic), children aged under 15 years P04.3: Foetus and newborn affected by maternal use of alcohol O35.4: Maternal care for (suspected) damage to foetus from alcohol
Financial year** Persons (episodes)* Persons (episodes)* Persons (episodes)*
  n trend*** n trend*** n trend***
2002/03 71 (114) Χ2(1 d.f.) = 15.48 32 (43) Χ2 (1 d.f.) = 1.52 19 (21) Χ2 (1 d.f.) = 1.95
2003/04 50 (84) p = 0.0001 40 (42) p = 0.22 19 (23) p = 0.16
2004/05 69 (178)   55 (64)   29 (37)  
2005/06 73 (142)   62 (88)   33 (41)  
2006/07 96 (197)   45 (56)   26 (28)  
2007/08 98 (272)   51 (63)   31 (34)  
Total 457 (987)   285 (356)   157 (184)  
  1. * The Hospital Episodes Statistics identification (HESID) field was used to link episodes relating to the same individual within a given year.
  2. ** The UK financial year runs from April to March.
  3. *** A test of linear trend was obtained using likelihood ratio tests from Poisson regression models for rates based on number of individuals admitted.