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Table 5 Odds Ratios for the Effects of the Intervention and Baseline Characteristics on Mortality between the 7th and 28th day

From: The effect of systematic pediatric care on neonatal mortality and hospitalizations of infants born with oral clefts

  Total Sample Isolated Sample Associated Sample
Study intervention group 1.28
[0.71,2.32]
1.17
[0.43,3.23]
1.48
[0.49,4.49]
2.34
[0.64,8.64]
0.76
[0.36,1.61]
0.96
[0.34,2.66]
Bolivia 2.64*** 5.98*** 4.70*** 5.54 12.61*** 7.48***
  [1.59,4.37] [2.23,16.04] [1.48,14.91] [0.51,59.72] [6.41,24.78] [2.25,24.88]
Brazil 1.17 0.98 1.54 1.69 0.89 2.46
  [0.50,2.76] [0.28,3.39] [0.30,7.92] [0.20,13.96] [0.33,2.46] [0.60,10.21]
Chile 0.58 0.45 0.51 0.35 0.46 0.53
  [0.21,1.61] [0.13,1.52] [0.06,4.24] [0.02,6.37] [0.16,1.35] [0.14,2.02]
Colombia 1.34 1.46 1.65 0.27 2.33** 4.75
  [0.68,2.63] [0.46,4.63] [0.26,10.59] [0.03,2.72] [1.07,5.04] [0.69,32.76]
Ecuador 0.61 3.27* 0.74 1.36 1.13 4.00*
  [0.27,1.34] [0.97,10.95] [0.07,7.68] [0.03,73.00] [0.42,3.04] [0.88,18.24]
Venezuela 1.79** 1.44 3.56** 1.45 2.18** 3.69*
  [1.08,2.96] [0.42,4.98] [1.10,11.55] [0.28,7.58] [1.15,4.16] [0.78,17.44]
Maternal age (years)   0.99   1.02   0.98
   [0.94,1.04]   [0.87,1.20]   [0.93,1.03]
Number of prenatal visits   1.00   0.97   0.98
   [0.86,1.16]   [0.68,1.40]   [0.85,1.12]
Maternal chronic illnesses   0.78   0.31   1.08
   [0.34,1.78]   [0.02,5.71]   [0.44,2.62]
African ancestry   32.19***   7.74*   
   [2.53,410.06]   [0.81,73.92]   
Native ancestry   22.03**   2.39   4.41**
   [1.61,302.34]   [0.18,32.35]   [1.42,13.74]
Prenatal diagnosis of cleft   0.79   0.09*   0.77
   [0.24,2.59]   [0.01,1.50]   [0.25,2.38]
Associated status   6.60***     
   [1.88,23.25]     
Birth weight (gm)   0.998***   0.998***   0.999**
   [0.998,0.999]   [0.997,0.999]   [0.998,0.999]
Gestational age (weeks)   0.92   0.78*   0.99
   [0.80,1.07]   [0.60,1.00]   [0.84,1.17]
Female   0.83   0.96   1.09
   [0.38,1.85]   [0.19,4.94]   [0.39,3.07]
Multiple birth   0.22*   0.32   
   [0.05,1.05]   [0.04,2.50]   
Cleft lip only   1.26   7.63*   0.77
   [0.42,3.83]   [0.95,61.23]   [0.14,4.25]
Cleft lip with palate   0.89   6.71*   0.55
   [0.46,1.73]   [0.83,54.30]   [0.26,1.16]
Number of non-cleft Malformations   1.60***     1.53***
   [1.26,2.04]     [1.23,1.91]
Cesarean delivery   1.56   0.89   2.25
   [0.58,4.23]   [0.24,3.28]   [0.72,6.98]
N 915 776 699 591 216 185
  1. The Table reports the odds ratios for the effects of the intervention and baseline characteristics on mortality between the 7th and 28th day of life. 95% Confidence intervals are in brackets. *, ** and *** indicate p < 0.1, < 0.05 and < 0.01, respectively.