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Table 2 Characteristics associated with not recognizing the term "Wheezing": Logistic Regression Analysis (n = 376)*

From: The multiple meanings of "wheezing": a questionnaire survey in Portuguese for parents and health professionals

Independent variable Recognizes "wheezing" Adjusted OR [95% CI]† P-value
  Yes No   
First Language     
Non-portuguese 1 14 69.8 [7.9-612.8] < 0.001
Portuguese 248 113 1  
Caregiver's Education     
< 12 years 191 114 3.3 [1.5-7.4] 0.004
> 12 years 58 13 1  
Setting     
Primary Care Clinic 62 56 3.1 [1.5-6.4] < 0.001
Hospital 187 71 1  
History of Respiratory Disease (child)     
No 105 105 4.6 [2.5-8.7] < 0.001
Yes 144 22 1  
History of Respiratory Disease (family)     
No 123 96 2.1 [1.2-3.7] 0.014
Yes 126 31 1  
Geographical Location     
South 199 79 4.5 [2.2-9.1] < 0.001
Lisbon Area 50 48 1  
Adult's Age (per 10-year increment)    0.4 [0.3-0.7] < 0.001
Child's Age (per year increment)    1 [0.9-1.1] 0.354
  1. *The models were validated by goodness-of-fit; no interactions were tested. Participants with incomplete answers in any of these parameters were not included.
  2. † OR: Odds-Ratio, CI: Confidence Interval; OR adjusted for all the variables listed