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Table 3 Formulation of vitamin/mineral supplement used in present study, and comparison to Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) or Adequate Intake (AI) and Tolerable Upper Limit.

From: Effect of a vitamin/mineral supplement on children and adults with autism

VITAMINS Current Supplement
(for 60 lb child)
RDA/AI (4-8 yr)
(AI values indicated by asterisk)
Upper Limit for children ages 4-8 years
Vitamin A
(palmitate)
1000 IU 400 mcg (1333 IU) 900 mcg (3000 IU)
Vitamin C
(calcium ascorbate)
600 mg 25 mg 650 mg
Vitamin D3
(cholecalciferol)
300 IU 5 mcg (200 IU)* 50 mcg (2000 IU)
Vitamin E 150 IU 7 mg (10.5 IU) 300 mg (450 IU)
Mixed Tocopherols 70 mg n/a n/a
Vitamin K 0 55 mcg* ND
B1
(thiamin HCl)
20 mg 0.6 mg ND
B2
(riboflavin)
20 mg 0.6 mg ND
B3
(niacin/niacinamide)
15 mg niacin
10 mg niacinamide
8 mg 15 mg
B5 (calcium d-pantothenate) 15 mg 3 mg* ND
B6 (pyridoxine HCl) 40 mg 0.6 40 mg
B12 (cyanocobalamin) 500 mcg 1.2 mcg ND
Folic Acid 100 mcg 200 mcg 400 mcg
Folinic Acid 550 mcg   
Biotin
(biotin)
150 mcg 12 mcg* ND
Choline
(choline chloride)
250 mg 250 mg* 1000 mg
Inositol 100 mg n/a n/a
Mixed Carotenoids 3.6 mg n/a n/a
Coenzyme Q10 50 mg n/a n/a
N-acetyl cysteine 50 mg n/a n/a
MINERALS    
Calcium
(from calcium ascorbate)
100 mg 800 mg* 2500 mg
Chromium
(chromium amino acid chelate)
70 mcg 15 mcg* ND
Copper 0 440 mcg 3000 mcg
Iodine
(potassium iodide)
100 mcg 90 mcg 300 mcg
Iron 0 10 mg 40 mg
Lithium
(lithium orotate)
500 mcg n/a*** n/a
Magnesium
(magnesium chloride hexahydrate)
100 mg 130 mg 110 mg**
Manganese
(manganese amino acid chelate)
3 mg 1.5 mg* 3 mg
Molybdenum
(sodium molybdate dihydrate)
150 mcg 22 mcg 600 mcg
Phosphorus 0 500 mg 3000 mg
Potassium
(potassium chloride)
50 mg 3.8 g* n/a
Selenium
(selenomethionine and sodium selenite)
22 mcg 30 mcg 150 mcg
Sulfur
(MSM)
500 mg n/a n/a
Zinc
(zinc gluconate)
12 mg 5 mg 12 mg
Other Ingredients in Current Supplement Natural cherry flavor; sucrose, sucralose; preservatives (potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate).
  1. ND: none determined
  2. * Adequate Intake
  3. ** for Magnesium, the UL is the amount for supplements and does not count food sources
  4. *** Estimated daily intake of lithium in food is 1900 mcg/day for adults.