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Table 2 Relationship between blood glucose levels and adverse outcome in term infants with HIE (n = 52; however in 7 infants there were both hypoglycaemic and hyperglycaemic episodes documented, explaining the overlap)

From: Early blood glucose profile and neurodevelopmental outcome at two years in neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy

  No. of infants (n = 52) No. of infants With abnormal outcome Risk of adverse outcome OR (CI)
Normoglycaemia 24/52 9/24 (37.5%) OR = 0.8, (CI = 0.26-2.44)
Early hypoglycaemia (0-6 hours of life) 8/52 6/8 (75%) OR = 5.8, (CI = 1.04-32)
Late hypoglycaemia (6-72 hours of life) 12/52 2/12 (8.3%) OR = 0.22, (CI = 0.04-1.14)
Early hyperglycaemia (0-6 hours of life) 11/52 4/11 (36.4%) OR = 0.81, (CI = 0.2-3.2)
Late hyperglycaemia (6-72 hours of life) 4/52 2/4 (50%) OR = 1.53, (CI = 0.2-11.8)