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Table 2 Odds Ratios and 95% CI for adverse levels of cardiometabolic risk factor variables in normal weight and overweight/obese children: The Bogalusa Heart Study.

From: Utility of waist-to-height ratio in assessing the status of central obesity and related cardiometabolic risk profile among normal weight and overweight/obese children: The Bogalusa Heart Study

  NORMAL WEIGHT (n = 2581) (BMI- 5th to 85th percentiles)#(Referenced to waist-to-height ratio <0.5) OVERWEIGHT/OBESE (n = 510) (BMI ≥ 85th percentile)#(Referenced to waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5)
Independent Variable (Top tertile vs. rest)* OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Mean Arterial Pressure (mm Hg) 1.30 0.92-1.83 0.13 1.10 0.60-2.03 0.75
LDL Cholesterol (mg/dl) 1.66 1.18-2.32 0.003 0.61 0.34-1.10 0.10
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 1.47 1.02-2.11 0.03 0.59 0.32-1.07 0.08
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dl) 2.01 1.44-2.79 <0.0001 0.53 0.30-0.96 0.03
Glucose (mg/dl) 1.13 0.77-1.66 0.51 1.44 0.78-2.67 0.23
Insulin (μU/ml) 2.05 1.16-3.62 0.01 2.09 0.59-7.38 0.24
Insulin Resistance Index (HOMA-IR) 1.43 0.78-2.62 0.23 0.27 0.08-0.90 0.03
  1. *Bottom tertile vs. the rest for HDL cholesterol. Tertiles were age-, race- and sex-specific. Models were age-, race- and sex-adjusted. All variables were included in both the models.
  2. # BMI percentiles were age-, race- and sex-specific
  3. HOMA-IR = Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; CI = Confidence Intervals