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Table 4 Characteristics of children surveyed presented by asthma status.i

From: The state of pediatric asthma in Chicago's Humboldt Park: a community-based study in two local elementary schools

Variable Proportion (%),
Diagnosed Asthma
Proportion (%),
Probable Asthmaii
Proportion (%),
No Asthma
Demographic characteristics    
Age (years) (n = 122) (n = 78) (n = 287)
   3-4 4.9 5.1 4.2
   5-6 5.7 11.5 7.3
   7-8 18.0 24.4 22.3
   9-10 23.0 21.8 20.2
   11-12 19.7 14.1 20.2
   13-14 26.2 18.0 22.3
   15-16 2.5 5.1 3.5
Race/Ethnicityiii (n = 123) (n = 79) (n = 288)
   Black 43.1 34.2 29.6
   White 6.5 2.5 6.3
   Asian 0.0 0.0 0.4
   Puerto Rican 49.6 29.1 36.7
   Mexican 21.1 17.7 37.5
   Other Hispanic 12.2 7.6 12.9
   Other Ethnicity 1.6 0.0 1.4
Insurance Type (n = 121) (n = 73) (n = 284)
   Private 8.3 11.0 8.8
   Medicaid/AllKids 81.8 78.1 83.5
   Uninsured 8.3 9.6 6.7
   Other 1.7 1.4 1.1
Individual triggers    
Child lives in:iii (n = 105) (n = 74) (n = 221)
   Rented home 85.7 77.0 84.6
   Live with family/friends 8.6 9.5 7.7
   Owned home 8.6 16.2 10.0
Smoking inside child's home? (n = 105) (n = 74) (n = 220)
   Yes 23.8 29.7 24.5
   No 76.2 68.9 75.0
   Unsure 0.0 1.4 0.5
Roach inside child's home? (n = 105) (n = 74) (n = 220)
   Yes 12.4 13.5 10.9
   No 84.8 78.4 88.6
   Unsure 2.9 8.1 0.5
Pet inside child's home?iii (n = 104) (n = 72) (n = 220)
   Yes, cat 15.4 15.3 12.7
   Yes, dog 24.0 19.4 20.0
   Yes, other pet 11.5 9.7 7.3
   No 54.8 61.1 60.0
Community triggers    
Time in neighborhood? (n = 122) (n = 79) (n = 286)
   ≥ 5 years 54.1 51.9 47.9
   < 5 years 45.9 48.1 52.1
Vehicles idle on street? (n = 119) (n = 78) (n = 281)
   Most of the time 25.2 31.7 16.0
   Some of the time 51.3 48.1 57.7
   None of the time 23.5 20.3 26.3
Felt unsafe in neighborhood? (n = 123) (n = 79) (n = 79)
   Most of the time 16.3 31.7 10.6
   Some of the time 53.7 50.6 46.8
   None of the time 30.1 17.7 42.6
Ever kept child inside because of violence in community? (n = 123) (n = 75) (n = 219)
   Yes 64.1 61.3 52.5
   No 35.9 38.7 47.5
Psychosocial triggers    
Felt nervous/stressed? (past month) (n = 123) (n = 75) (n = 285)
   Most of the time 15.5 11.4 13.3
   Some of the time 60.2 59.5 50.9
   None of the time 24.4 29.1 35.8
Nervous/stressed by crime in community? (past month) (n = 123) (n = 79) (n = 285)
   Most of the time 11.5 20.3 11.2
   Some of the time 44.3 31.7 37.6
   None of the time 44.3 48.1 51.2
Could not cope with responsibilities? (past month) (n = 102) (n = 73) (n = 220)
   Most of the time 6.9 5.5 4.6
   Some of the time 47.1 50.7 56.8
   None of the time 46.1 43.8 38.6
  1. iResponse rate varied by item; n-value listed indicates the total number of responses received for a given item.
  2. iiProbable asthma defined as 1 or more affirmative response to the Brief Pediatric Asthma Screen Plus[19] without having a formal diagnosis of asthma.
  3. iiiMultiple selections were allowed; sum need not equal 100%.