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Table 1 Frequencies of Four Disciplinary Tactics and Prevalence of Psychotherapy

From: Do nonphysical punishments reduce antisocial behavior more than spanking? a comparison using the strongest previous causal evidence against spanking

Corrective Action 0 1 2 3+
Spanking 449 158 111 67
Grounding 581 109 57 38
Privilege removal 573 117 53 42
Sending to room 389 183 98 115
Psychotherapya 748 34 -- --
  1. aDichotomous, i.e., whether child had seen a psychotherapist in the past year.