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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients presenting with infantile spasms

From: Clinical profile and treatment of infantile spasms using vigabatrin and ACTH - a developing country perspective

Characteristics of patients with infantile spasms n = 56 (%)
Age of onset of seizures in months (Mean ± SD) 5 ± 1.4
Age at diagnosis of infantile spasms in months (Mean ± SD) 6.5 ± 2.3
Lag interval between onset and diagnosis in months (Mean ± SD) 1.4 ± 1.3
Gender (male) 35 (62.5%)
Consanguinity of parents 19 (33.9%)
Seizures per day at onset (Mean ± SD) 62 ± 5.1
Clusters per day at onset (Mean ± SD) 21 ± 4.2
Type of spasms  
-Flexion 23 (41.1%)
-Extension 6 (10.7%)
-Mixed 15 (26.8%)
History of neonatal seizures 15 (26.8%)
History of stay in neonatal intensive care unit 14 (25%)
History of premature birth (< 37 weeks gestation) 14 (25%)
History of neonatal sepsis/meningitis 10 (17.8%)
History of developmental delay prior to onset of symptoms 41 (73.2%)