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  1. Research article

    Clinical and laboratory evaluation of new immigrant and refugee children arriving in Greece

    Migrant children are a population at risk for various health problems. Despite the increased inflow of migrants in Greece, data regarding their health assessment are lacking. This study aims to describe the cl...

    Ioanna D. Pavlopoulou, Marsela Tanaka, Stavroula Dikalioti, Evangelia Samoli, Pavlos Nisianakis, Olga D. Boleti and Konstantinos Tsoumakas

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:132

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Prevalence, severity and early outcomes of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy among newborns at a tertiary hospital, in northern Tanzania

    Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) remains a problem of great concern worldwide especially in developing countries. The occurrence of a neurological syndrome can be an indicator of insult to the brain. We a...

    Irene N. Simiyu, Deborah N. Mchaile, Kahindo Katsongeri, Rune N. Philemon and Sia E. Msuya

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:131

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Cardiometabolic profile of obese children in a sub-Saharan African setting: a cross-sectional study

    Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabo...

    Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo and Olivier Koki Ndombo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:129

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  4. Research article

    Neonatal respiratory morbidity following exposure to chorioamnionitis

    There are conflicting results in the literature on the impact of chorioamnionitis on neonatal respiratory morbidities. However, most studies are based on small clinical samples and fail to account for the comp...

    Amy Metcalfe, Sarka Lisonkova, Yasser Sabr, Amelie Stritzke and KS Joseph

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:128

    Published on: 17 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Relationship between Glycemic Levels and Treatment Outcome among Critically Ill Children admitted into Emergency Room in Enugu

    Critically ill children are those in need of immediate attention on arrival to an emergency room. The importance of glycemic level measurement as well as maintaining the patency of the airway, effective breath...

    Nwachinemere Davidson Uleanya, Elias Chikee Aniwada, Ikenna Chidiebele Nwokoye, Ikenna Kingsley Ndu and Christopher Bismarck Eke

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:126

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Analgesic antipyretic use among young children in the TEDDY study: no association with islet autoimmunity

    The use of analgesic antipyretics (ANAP) in children have long been a matter of controversy. Data on their practical use on an individual level has, however, been scarce. There are indications of possible effe...

    Markus Lundgren, Leigh Johnson Steed, Roy Tamura, Berglind Jonsdottir, Patricia Gesualdo, Claire Crouch, Maija Sjöberg, Gertie Hansson, William A. Hagopian, Anette G. Ziegler, Marian J. Rewers, Åke Lernmark, Jorma Toppari, Jin-Xiong She, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P. Krischer…

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:127

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Impact of preterm birth on infant mortality for newborns with congenital heart defects: The EPICARD population-based cohort study

    Congenital heart defects (CHD) and preterm birth (PTB) are major causes of infant mortality. However, limited data exist on risk of mortality associated with PTB for newborns with CHD. Our objective was to ass...

    Enora Laas, Nathalie Lelong, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Damien Bonnet, Lucile Houyel, Jean-François Magny, Thibaut Andrieu, François Goffinet and Babak Khoshnood

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:124

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  8. Study protocol

    TropicALL study: Thromboprophylaxis in Children treated for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with Low-molecular-weight heparin: a multicenter randomized controlled trial

    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common and severe complication during treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). An important cause is the intensive use of asparaginase. Prospective cohort studies in w...

    Irene L. M. Klaassen, Mandy N. Lauw, Marianne D. van de Wetering, Bart J. Biemond, Saskia Middeldorp, Floor C. H. Abbink, Marc Bierings, D. Maroeska M. W. te Loo, Rob Pieters, Inge M. van der Sluis, Wim J. E. Tissing, C. Michel Zwaan and C. Heleen van Ommen

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:122

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Healthcare professionals’ and parents’ experiences of the confirmatory testing period: a qualitative study of the UK expanded newborn screening pilot

    With further expansion of the number of conditions for which newborn screening can be undertaken, it is timely to consider the impact of positive screening results and the confirmatory testing period on the fa...

    Louise Moody, Lou Atkinson, Isher Kehal and James R. Bonham

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:121

    Published on: 8 May 2017

  10. Research article

    The effect of various factors on the dental arch relationship in non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate children assessed by new approach: a retrospective study

    Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is one of the most common birth defects. Multiple factors are believed to be responsible for an unfavorable dental arch relationship in CLP. Facial growth (maxillary) retardation, wh...

    Sanjida Haque, Mohammad Khursheed Alam and Mohd Fadhli Khamis

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:119

    Published on: 6 May 2017

  11. Research article

    Physician practice in food allergy prevention in the Middle East and North Africa

    A number of scientific organisations have developed guidelines for the primary prevention of allergic disease through nutritional interventions. However, even if the best evidence-based guidelines are availabl...

    Yvan Vandenplas, Abdulrahman Saleh AlFrayh, Bandar AlMutairi, Mahmoud Salah Elhalik, Robin J. Green, Joseph Haddad, Emad Abdulqader Koshak, Mohamad Miqdady, Nezha Mouane, Mohamed Salah, Gamal Samy, Marzieh Tavakol, Andrea von Berg and Hania Szajewska

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:118

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Early childhood obesity: a survey of knowledge and practices of physicians from the Middle East and North Africa

    Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health issues of the twenty-first century affecting even low- and middle-income countries. Overweight and obese children are more likely to stay obese into a...

    Inge Gies, Bader AlSaleem, Beheshteh Olang, Berkouk Karima, Gamal Samy, Khaled Husain, Mahmoud Elhalik, Mohamad Miqdady, Mohamad Rawashdeh, Mohamed Salah, Nezha Mouane, Pejman Rohani, Atul Singhal and Yvan Vandenplas

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:115

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  13. Research article

    Dyslipidemia and reference values for fasting plasma lipid concentrations in Danish/North-European White children and adolescents

    Dyslipidemia is reported in 27 − 43% of children and adolescents with overweight/obesity and tracks into adulthood, increasing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Cut-off values for fasting plasma lipid conc...

    Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Christine Bøjsøe, Lise Pedersen, Palle Skov Bratholm, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen and Jens-Christian Holm

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:116

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  14. Case report

    A case report of parapneumonic pleural effusion caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A in a child immunized with 13-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine

    Simple parapneumonic effusion is a pleural effusion associated with lung infection (i.e., pneumonia). Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the most common pathogen causing parapneumonic effusions. In Morocco, the pne...

    Idrissa Diawara, Khalid Zerouali, Naima Elmdaghri and Abderrahman Abid

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:114

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  15. Research article

    Prevalence and risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver in children and youth with obesity

    Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL) is a spectrum of liver diseases (LD) that ranges from benign fatty infiltration of the liver to cirrhosis and hepatic failure. Hepatic ultrasound (US) and serum alanine aminot...

    Carolina Jimenez-Rivera, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Jorge Davila, Julie Hurteau, Mary Aglipay, Nick Barrowman and Kristi B. Adamo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:113

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  16. Research article

    Effectiveness of three commonly used transition phase diets in the inpatient management of children with severe acute malnutrition: a pilot randomized controlled trial in Malawi

    The case fatality rate of severely malnourished children during inpatient treatment is high and mortality is often associated with diarrhea. As intestinal carbohydrate absorption is impaired in severe acute ma...

    Christian J. Versloot, Wieger Voskuijl, Sara J. van Vliet, Meta van den Heuvel, Jane C. Carter, Ajib Phiri, Marko Kerac, Geert Tom Heikens, Patrick F. van Rheenen and Robert H. J. Bandsma

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:112

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  17. Research article

    Foot length, chest and head circumference measurements in detection of Low birth weight neonates in Mekelle, Ethiopia: a hospital based cross sectional study

    Low birth weight (Birth weight < 2500 g) is a leading cause of prenatal and neonatal deaths. The early identification of Low birth weight (LBW) neonates is essential for any comprehensive initiative to improve...

    Marta Yemane Hadush, Amanuel Hadgu Berhe and Araya Abrha Medhanyie

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:111

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  18. Research article

    Emotional and behavioural problems in Swedish preschool children rated by preschool teachers with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)

    There is a high risk that young children who show early signs of mental health problems develop symptoms in the same or overlapping areas some years later. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is...

    Berit M. Gustafsson, Marie Proczkowska-Björklund and Per A. Gustafsson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:110

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  19. Research article

    Assessment of cardiac function in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia: a case control study in Cameroon

    High level of androgens found in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) seems to have a deleterious effect on heart function. We therefore evaluate cardiac function of children with CAH in comparison with a heal...

    J . Tony Nengom, S. Sap Ngo Um, D. Chelo, R. Mbono Betoko, J. Boombhi, F. Mouafo Tambo, A. Chiabi, S. Kingue and P. Koki Ndombo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:109

    Published on: 20 April 2017

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