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  1. Erratum

    Erratum to: Concurrent agreement between an anthropometric model to predict thigh volume and dual-energy X-Ray absorptiometry assessment in female volleyball players aged 14-18 years

    Óscar M. Tavares, João Valente-dos-Santos, João P. Duarte, Susana C. Póvoas, Luís A. Gobbo, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Daniel A. Marinho, José M. Casanova, Lauren B. Sherar, Daniel Courteix and Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:62

    Published on: 24 February 2017

    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:190

  2. Research article

    Mediators of the association between parental education and breakfast consumption among adolescents : the ESSENS study

    Regular breakfast consumption has several health benefits. However, breakfast skipping is common among adolescents, in particular among those with a low socioeconomic background. The aims of the study were to ...

    Mekdes K. Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Elisabeth Hurum, Jorunn Utne, Laura Terragni and Liv Elin Torheim

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:61

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Causes of death in very preterm infants cared for in neonatal intensive care units: a population-based retrospective cohort study

    While there are good data to describe changing trends in mortality and morbidity rates for preterm populations, there is very little information on the specific causes and pattern of death in terms of age of v...

    Tim Schindler, Louise Koller-Smith, Kei Lui, Barbara Bajuk and Srinivas Bolisetty

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:59

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Content analysis of nutritional information in paediatric oral health education leaflets

    The aim of this study was to determine if paediatric oral health education leaflets with a food and nutritional focus provide messages that are clear and consistent with the current Australian Dietary Guidelin...

    Amit Arora, Jenny Doan, Jessamine Martinez, Colin Phan, Gregory S. Kolt, Sameer Bhole, Mark Fort Harris, Jane Anne Scott and Debra Hector

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:58

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Support for the feasibility of the ages and stages questionnaire as a developmental screening tool: a cross-sectional study of South African and Zambian children aged 2-60 months

    There is a growing global acknowledgement that improving child survival rates is no longer sufficient. Emphasis is shifting to the improvement of health and developmental trajectories in early childhood. Scree...

    Alastair van Heerden, Celia Hsiao, Beatrice Matafwali, Julia Louw and Linda Richter

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:55

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Assessment of complementary feeding of Canadian infants: effects on microbiome & oxidative stress, a randomized controlled trial

    The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months followed by introduction of iron-rich complementary foods (CFs). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of different i...

    Wafaa Qasem, Meghan B. Azad, Zakir Hossain, Elnaz Azad, Sarah Jorgensen, Sandra Castillo San Juan, Chenxi Cai, Ehsan Khafipour, Trust Beta, L. Jackson Roberts and James Friel

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:54

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  7. Study protocol

    Bell’s Palsy in Children (BellPIC): protocol for a multicentre, placebo-controlled randomized trial

    Bell’s palsy or acute idiopathic lower motor neurone facial paralysis is characterized by sudden onset paralysis or weakness of the muscles to one side of the face controlled by the facial nerve. While there i...

    Franz E. Babl, Mark T. Mackay, Meredith L. Borland, David W. Herd, Amit Kochar, Jason Hort, Arjun Rao, John A. Cheek, Jeremy Furyk, Lisa Barrow, Shane George, Michael Zhang, Kaya Gardiner, Katherine J. Lee, Andrew Davidson, Robert Berkowitz…

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:53

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Development of a wheelchair mobility skills test for children and adolescents: combining evidence with clinical expertise

    Wheelchair mobility skills (WMS) training is regarded by children using a manual wheelchair and their parents as an important factor to improve participation and daily physical activity. Currently, there is no...

    Marleen Elisabeth Sol, Olaf Verschuren, Laura de Groot and Janke Frederike de Groot

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:51

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Factors associated with parental reasons for “no-intent” to vaccinate female adolescents with human papillomavirus vaccine: National Immunization Survey - Teen 2008–2012

    1) To identify socio-demographic factors associated with parental “no-intent” for their 13–17 year old unvaccinated daughter to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series within the next twelve mont...

    Vinay K. Cheruvu, Madhav P. Bhatta and Lauren N. Drinkard

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:52

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  10. Case report

    Two case reports of unexpected tracheal agenesis in the neonate: 3 C’s beyond algorithms for difficult airway management

    Handling neonates with postnatal respiratory failure due to congenital airway malformations implies knowledge about emergency management of unexpected difficult airway. In these stressful situations both techn...

    Beate Grass, Leopold Simma, Michael Reinehr, Urs Zimmermann, Claudine Gysin, Georg Henze and Vincenzo Cannizzaro

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:49

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements containing different amounts of zinc along with diarrhea and malaria treatment increase iron and vitamin A status and reduce anemia prevalence, but do not affect zinc status in young Burkinabe children: a cluster-randomized trial

    We assessed the effects of providing a package of interventions including small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) containing 0, 5 or 10 mg zinc and illness treatment to Burkinabe children from...

    Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jérome W. Somé, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H. Brown. and Sonja Y. Hess

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:46

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  12. Study protocol

    Rationale for and design of the "POSTA" study: Evaluation of neurocognitive outcomes after immediate adenotonsillectomy compared to watchful waiting in preschool children

    IQ deficits are linked to even mild obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children. Although OSA is commonly first diagnosed in the pre-school age group, a randomised trial is still needed to assess IQ outcomes af...

    Karen A. Waters, Jasneek Chawla, Margaret-Anne Harris, Carolyn Dakin, Helen Heussler, Robert Black, Alan Cheng, Hannah Burns, John D. Kennedy and Kurt Lushington

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:47

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  13. Research article

    A multicenter, randomized, open-label, active-comparator trial to determine the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of intravenous ibuprofen for treatment of fever in hospitalized pediatric patients

    Oral antipyretics are commonly used to treat pediatric patients who develop fevers. However, patients presenting to the emergency department or undergoing surgery are frequently unable to tolerate oral antipyr...

    Samia N. Khalil, Barry J. Hahn, Corrie E. Chumpitazi, Amy D. Rock, Byron A. Kaelin and Charles G. Macias

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:42

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  14. Research article

    A longitudinal study of associations between psychiatric symptoms and disorders and cerebral gray matter volumes in adolescents born very preterm

    Being born preterm with very low birthweight (VLBW ≤ 1500 g) poses a risk for cortical and subcortical gray matter (GM) abnormalities, as well as for having more psychiatric problems during childhood and adole...

    Violeta L Botellero, Jon Skranes, Knut Jørgen Bjuland, Asta Kristine Håberg, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marit S Indredavik and Marit Martinussen

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:45

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Important factors to consider when treating children with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME): perspectives of health professionals from specialist services.

    Paediatric Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is relatively common and disabling. Improving treatment requires the development of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) that enabl...

    Roxanne M. Parslow, Alison Shaw, Kirstie L. Haywood and Esther Crawley

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:43

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  16. Research article

    Celiac disease and Down syndrome mortality: a nationwide cohort study

    Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have increased mortality and are also at increased risk of celiac disease (CD). It is unknown if CD influences mortality in DS. In this study we examined the risk of death i...

    Jonas F. Ludvigsson, Benjamin Lebwohl, Peter H. R. Green, Wendy K. Chung and Karl Mårild

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:41

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  17. Study protocol

    The Speed of Increasing milk Feeds: a randomised controlled trial

    In the UK, 1–2% of infants are born very preterm (<32 weeks of gestation) or have very low birth weight (<1500 g). Very preterm infants are initially unable to be fed nutritional volumes of milk and therefore ...

    Jane Abbott, Janet Berrington, Ursula Bowler, Elaine Boyle, Jon Dorling, Nicholas Embleton, Edmund Juszczak, Alison Leaf, Louise Linsell, Samantha Johnson, Kenny McCormick, William McGuire, Tracy Roberts and Ben Stenson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:39

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  18. Study protocol

    Universal versus conditional three-day follow up visit for children with uncomplicated fever at the community level: design of a cluster-randomized, community-based, non-inferiority trial in Tanganyika, Democratic Republic of Congo

    The current recommendation within integrated Community Case Management guidelines that all children presenting with uncomplicated fever and no danger signs be followed up after three days may not be necessary....

    Elburg van Boetzelaer, Lara S. Ho, Julie R. Gutman, Laura C. Steinhardt, Alison Wittcoff, Yolanda Barbera, Pascal Ngoy, Steven A. Harvey and Luke C. Mullany

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:36

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  19. Research article

    Effect of combined music and touch intervention on pain response and β-endorphin and cortisol concentrations in late preterm infants

    Preterm neonates undergo many painful procedures as part of their standard care in the neonatal intensive care unit. However, pain treatment is inadequate in many of these routine procedures. In the present st...

    Jie Qiu, Yun-fei Jiang, Fang Li, Qian-hong Tong, Hui Rong and Rui Cheng

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:38

    Published on: 26 January 2017

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