Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

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  1. Research article

    Cardiometabolic profile of obese children in a sub-Saharan African setting: a cross-sectional study

    Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabo...

    Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo and Olivier Koki Ndombo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:129

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Analgesic antipyretic use among young children in the TEDDY study: no association with islet autoimmunity

    The use of analgesic antipyretics (ANAP) in children have long been a matter of controversy. Data on their practical use on an individual level has, however, been scarce. There are indications of possible effe...

    Markus Lundgren, Leigh Johnson Steed, Roy Tamura, Berglind Jonsdottir, Patricia Gesualdo, Claire Crouch, Maija Sjöberg, Gertie Hansson, William A. Hagopian, Anette G. Ziegler, Marian J. Rewers, Åke Lernmark, Jorma Toppari, Jin-Xiong She, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P. Krischer…

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:127

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Early childhood obesity: a survey of knowledge and practices of physicians from the Middle East and North Africa

    Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health issues of the twenty-first century affecting even low- and middle-income countries. Overweight and obese children are more likely to stay obese into a...

    Inge Gies, Bader AlSaleem, Beheshteh Olang, Berkouk Karima, Gamal Samy, Khaled Husain, Mahmoud Elhalik, Mohamad Miqdady, Mohamad Rawashdeh, Mohamed Salah, Nezha Mouane, Pejman Rohani, Atul Singhal and Yvan Vandenplas

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:115

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Dyslipidemia and reference values for fasting plasma lipid concentrations in Danish/North-European White children and adolescents

    Dyslipidemia is reported in 27 − 43% of children and adolescents with overweight/obesity and tracks into adulthood, increasing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Cut-off values for fasting plasma lipid conc...

    Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Christine Bøjsøe, Lise Pedersen, Palle Skov Bratholm, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen and Jens-Christian Holm

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:116

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Prevalence and risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver in children and youth with obesity

    Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL) is a spectrum of liver diseases (LD) that ranges from benign fatty infiltration of the liver to cirrhosis and hepatic failure. Hepatic ultrasound (US) and serum alanine aminot...

    Carolina Jimenez-Rivera, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Jorge Davila, Julie Hurteau, Mary Aglipay, Nick Barrowman and Kristi B. Adamo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:113

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Insight into human pubertal growth by applying the QEPS growth model

    Computerized mathematical models describing absolute and relative individual growth during puberty in both cm and standard deviation (SD)-scores are lacking. The present study aimed to fill this gap, by applyi...

    Anton Holmgren, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, A. Stefan Aronson, Andreas F.M. Nierop and Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:107

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  7. Study protocol

    Long-term effects of vitamin D supplementation in vitamin D deficient obese children participating in an integrated weight-loss programme (a double-blind placebo-controlled study) – rationale for the study design

    Obesity is associated not only with an array of metabolic disorders (e.g. insulin resistance, hiperinsulinemia, impaired tolerance of glucose, lipid disorders) but also skeletal and joint abnormalities. Recent...

    Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Michał Brzeziński, Agnieszka Jankowska, Paulina Metelska, Magdalena Słomińska-Frączek and Piotr Socha

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:97

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Stunting, wasting and associated factors among children aged 6–24 months in Dabat health and demographic surveillance system site: A community based cross-sectional study in Ethiopia

    Though there is a marked decline in burden of undernutrition, about 44 and 10% of children under five are stunted and wasted, respectively in Ethiopia. The highest prevalence of wasting occurs in young childre...

    Terefe Derso, Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks and Molla Mesele Wassie

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:96

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  9. Study protocol

    Towards evidence-based vitamin D supplementation in infants: vitamin D intervention in infants (VIDI) — study design and methods of a randomised controlled double-blinded intervention study

    Vitamin D is important for bone mass accrual during growth. Additionally, it is considered a requirement for a multitude of processes associated with, for example, the development of immunity. Many countries a...

    Otto Helve, Heli Viljakainen, Elisa Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Helena Hauta-alus, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Saara Valkama, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Timo Hytinantti, Outi Mäkitie and Sture Andersson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:91

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Factors associated with anemia among Sri Lankan primary school children in rural North Central Province

    Despite interventions, childhood anemia is still a major public health problem in low and middle income countries. Purpose of the present study is to determine factors associated with anemia among rural primar...

    Gayani Shashikala Amarasinghe, Naotunna Palliya Guruge Chamidri Randika Naottunna, Thilini Chanchala Agampodi and Suneth Buddhika Agampodi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:87

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Characterizing early child growth patterns of height-for-age in an urban slum cohort of Bangladesh with functional principal component analysis

    Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developme...

    Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R. Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A. Petri and Jennie Z. Ma

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:84

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  12. Research article

    School-time physical activity among Arab elementary school children in Qatar

    Recent data from a self-administered questionnaire show that approximately 75% of school children in Qatar do not meet the daily recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Since children spend half of their...

    Lena Zimmo, Abdulaziz Farooq, Fuad Almudahka, Izzeldin Ibrahim and Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:76

    Published on: 15 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Mediators of the association between parental education and breakfast consumption among adolescents : the ESSENS study

    Regular breakfast consumption has several health benefits. However, breakfast skipping is common among adolescents, in particular among those with a low socioeconomic background. The aims of the study were to ...

    Mekdes K. Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Elisabeth Hurum, Jorunn Utne, Laura Terragni and Liv Elin Torheim

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:61

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  14. Research article

    Content analysis of nutritional information in paediatric oral health education leaflets

    The aim of this study was to determine if paediatric oral health education leaflets with a food and nutritional focus provide messages that are clear and consistent with the current Australian Dietary Guidelin...

    Amit Arora, Jenny Doan, Jessamine Martinez, Colin Phan, Gregory S. Kolt, Sameer Bhole, Mark Fort Harris, Jane Anne Scott and Debra Hector

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:58

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Assessment of complementary feeding of Canadian infants: effects on microbiome & oxidative stress, a randomized controlled trial

    The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months followed by introduction of iron-rich complementary foods (CFs). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of different i...

    Wafaa Qasem, Meghan B. Azad, Zakir Hossain, Elnaz Azad, Sarah Jorgensen, Sandra Castillo San Juan, Chenxi Cai, Ehsan Khafipour, Trust Beta, L. Jackson Roberts and James Friel

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:54

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  16. Research article

    Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements containing different amounts of zinc along with diarrhea and malaria treatment increase iron and vitamin A status and reduce anemia prevalence, but do not affect zinc status in young Burkinabe children: a cluster-randomized trial

    We assessed the effects of providing a package of interventions including small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) containing 0, 5 or 10 mg zinc and illness treatment to Burkinabe children from...

    Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jérome W. Somé, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H. Brown. and Sonja Y. Hess

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:46

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  17. Research article

    The prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with cleft palate and/or lip at a hospital in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

    To determine the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with Cleft palate and/or cleft lip (CP+/-L) at Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Uganda Hospital (CoRSU) in Uganda.

    Martin Tungotyo, Daniel Atwine, Deborah Nanjebe, Andrew Hodges and Martin Situma

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:17

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  18. Research article

    Wasting, underweight and stunting among children with congenital heart disease presenting at Mulago hospital, Uganda

    Children with congenital heart disease are at increased risk of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of wasting, underweight and stunting among children with congenital heart dise...

    Anthony Batte, Peter Lwabi, Sulaiman Lubega, Sarah Kiguli, Kennedy Otwombe, Lucy Chimoyi, Violette Nabatte and Charles Karamagi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:10

    Published on: 11 January 2017

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