Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

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  1. Research article

    Insight into human pubertal growth by applying the QEPS growth model

    Computerized mathematical models describing absolute and relative individual growth during puberty in both cm and standard deviation (SD)-scores are lacking. The present study aimed to fill this gap, by applyi...

    Anton Holmgren, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, A. Stefan Aronson, Andreas F.M. Nierop and Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:107

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  2. Study protocol

    Long-term effects of vitamin D supplementation in vitamin D deficient obese children participating in an integrated weight-loss programme (a double-blind placebo-controlled study) – rationale for the study design

    Obesity is associated not only with an array of metabolic disorders (e.g. insulin resistance, hiperinsulinemia, impaired tolerance of glucose, lipid disorders) but also skeletal and joint abnormalities. Recent...

    Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Michał Brzeziński, Agnieszka Jankowska, Paulina Metelska, Magdalena Słomińska-Frączek and Piotr Socha

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:97

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Stunting, wasting and associated factors among children aged 6–24 months in Dabat health and demographic surveillance system site: A community based cross-sectional study in Ethiopia

    Though there is a marked decline in burden of undernutrition, about 44 and 10% of children under five are stunted and wasted, respectively in Ethiopia. The highest prevalence of wasting occurs in young childre...

    Terefe Derso, Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks and Molla Mesele Wassie

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:96

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  4. Study protocol

    Towards evidence-based vitamin D supplementation in infants: vitamin D intervention in infants (VIDI) — study design and methods of a randomised controlled double-blinded intervention study

    Vitamin D is important for bone mass accrual during growth. Additionally, it is considered a requirement for a multitude of processes associated with, for example, the development of immunity. Many countries a...

    Otto Helve, Heli Viljakainen, Elisa Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Helena Hauta-alus, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Saara Valkama, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Timo Hytinantti, Outi Mäkitie and Sture Andersson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:91

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Factors associated with anemia among Sri Lankan primary school children in rural North Central Province

    Despite interventions, childhood anemia is still a major public health problem in low and middle income countries. Purpose of the present study is to determine factors associated with anemia among rural primar...

    Gayani Shashikala Amarasinghe, Naotunna Palliya Guruge Chamidri Randika Naottunna, Thilini Chanchala Agampodi and Suneth Buddhika Agampodi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:87

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Characterizing early child growth patterns of height-for-age in an urban slum cohort of Bangladesh with functional principal component analysis

    Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developme...

    Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R. Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A. Petri and Jennie Z. Ma

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:84

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  7. Research article

    School-time physical activity among Arab elementary school children in Qatar

    Recent data from a self-administered questionnaire show that approximately 75% of school children in Qatar do not meet the daily recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Since children spend half of their...

    Lena Zimmo, Abdulaziz Farooq, Fuad Almudahka, Izzeldin Ibrahim and Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:76

    Published on: 15 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Mediators of the association between parental education and breakfast consumption among adolescents : the ESSENS study

    Regular breakfast consumption has several health benefits. However, breakfast skipping is common among adolescents, in particular among those with a low socioeconomic background. The aims of the study were to ...

    Mekdes K. Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Elisabeth Hurum, Jorunn Utne, Laura Terragni and Liv Elin Torheim

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:61

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Content analysis of nutritional information in paediatric oral health education leaflets

    The aim of this study was to determine if paediatric oral health education leaflets with a food and nutritional focus provide messages that are clear and consistent with the current Australian Dietary Guidelin...

    Amit Arora, Jenny Doan, Jessamine Martinez, Colin Phan, Gregory S. Kolt, Sameer Bhole, Mark Fort Harris, Jane Anne Scott and Debra Hector

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:58

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Assessment of complementary feeding of Canadian infants: effects on microbiome & oxidative stress, a randomized controlled trial

    The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months followed by introduction of iron-rich complementary foods (CFs). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of different i...

    Wafaa Qasem, Meghan B. Azad, Zakir Hossain, Elnaz Azad, Sarah Jorgensen, Sandra Castillo San Juan, Chenxi Cai, Ehsan Khafipour, Trust Beta, L. Jackson Roberts and James Friel

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:54

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements containing different amounts of zinc along with diarrhea and malaria treatment increase iron and vitamin A status and reduce anemia prevalence, but do not affect zinc status in young Burkinabe children: a cluster-randomized trial

    We assessed the effects of providing a package of interventions including small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) containing 0, 5 or 10 mg zinc and illness treatment to Burkinabe children from...

    Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jérome W. Somé, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H. Brown. and Sonja Y. Hess

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:46

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  12. Research article

    The prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with cleft palate and/or lip at a hospital in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

    To determine the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with Cleft palate and/or cleft lip (CP+/-L) at Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Uganda Hospital (CoRSU) in Uganda.

    Martin Tungotyo, Daniel Atwine, Deborah Nanjebe, Andrew Hodges and Martin Situma

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:17

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Wasting, underweight and stunting among children with congenital heart disease presenting at Mulago hospital, Uganda

    Children with congenital heart disease are at increased risk of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of wasting, underweight and stunting among children with congenital heart dise...

    Anthony Batte, Peter Lwabi, Sulaiman Lubega, Sarah Kiguli, Kennedy Otwombe, Lucy Chimoyi, Violette Nabatte and Charles Karamagi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:10

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  14. Research article

    The three-dimensional kinematics and spatiotemporal parameters of gait in 6–10 year old typically developed children in the Cape Metropole of South Africa – a pilot study

    Functional gait is an integral part of life, allowing individuals to function within their environment and participate in activities of daily living. Gait assessment forms an essential part of a physical exami...

    Yvonne Smith, Quinette Louw and Yolandi Brink

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:200

    Published on: 3 December 2016

  15. Research article

    Dietary patterns of early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status in a unique prospective sample from a randomized controlled trial of Prenatal DHA Supplementation

    Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child’s growth and development. The aim of this study was to ...

    Brandon H. Hidaka, Elizabeth H. Kerling, Jocelynn M. Thodosoff, Debra K. Sullivan, John Colombo and Susan E. Carlson

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:191

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  16. Research article

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (Nafld) in obese children- effect of refined carbohydrates in diet

    The incidence of childhood obesity has increased progressively and, associated with this, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has often been diagnosed in this age group. To determine the risk factors asso...

    Deise Rosa Félix, Fabiola Costenaro, Catarina Bertaso Andreatta Gottschall and Gabriela Perdomo Coral

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:187

    Published on: 15 November 2016

  17. Research article

    Precision of recumbent crown-heel length when using an infantometer

    Crown-heel length (CHL) measurement is influenced by technique, training, experience and subject cooperation. We investigated whether extending one or both of an infant’s legs affects the precision of CHL take...

    Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fabien A. Puglia, Eric O. Ohuma, Stephen T. Ash, Deborah C. Bishop, Rachel M. Carew, Ayesha Salem Al Dhaheri and Wm. Cameron Chumlea

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:186

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  18. Research article

    Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia: an observational study

    Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have increased requirements for phosphorus and magnesium during recovery. If requirements are not met, the children may develop refeeding hypophosphatemia and hypo...

    Anne-Louise Hother, Tsinuel Girma, Maren J. H. Rytter, Alemseged Abdissa, Christian Ritz, Christian Mølgaard, Kim F. Michaelsen, André Briend, Henrik Friis and Pernille Kæstel

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:178

    Published on: 5 November 2016

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