This section considers studies regarding all aspects of neonatal health, disease, care, and outcomes.

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  1. Research article

    Prevalence, severity and early outcomes of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy among newborns at a tertiary hospital, in northern Tanzania

    Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) remains a problem of great concern worldwide especially in developing countries. The occurrence of a neurological syndrome can be an indicator of insult to the brain. We a...

    Irene N. Simiyu, Deborah N. Mchaile, Kahindo Katsongeri, Rune N. Philemon and Sia E. Msuya

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:131

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Neonatal respiratory morbidity following exposure to chorioamnionitis

    There are conflicting results in the literature on the impact of chorioamnionitis on neonatal respiratory morbidities. However, most studies are based on small clinical samples and fail to account for the comp...

    Amy Metcalfe, Sarka Lisonkova, Yasser Sabr, Amelie Stritzke and KS Joseph

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:128

    Published on: 17 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Foot length, chest and head circumference measurements in detection of Low birth weight neonates in Mekelle, Ethiopia: a hospital based cross sectional study

    Low birth weight (Birth weight < 2500 g) is a leading cause of prenatal and neonatal deaths. The early identification of Low birth weight (LBW) neonates is essential for any comprehensive initiative to improve...

    Marta Yemane Hadush, Amanuel Hadgu Berhe and Araya Abrha Medhanyie

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:111

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Evaluation of Helping Babies Breathe Quality Improvement Cycle (HBB-QIC) on retention of neonatal resuscitation skills six months after training in Nepal

    Each year 700,000 infants die due to intrapartum-related complications. Implementation of Helping Babies Breathe (HBB)-a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol in low-resource clinical settings has shown t...

    Ashish KC, Johan Wrammert, Viktoria Nelin, Robert B. Clark, Uwe Ewald, Stefan Peterson and Mats Målqvist

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:103

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Prevention of neonatal late-onset sepsis: a randomised controlled trial

    Late-onset sepsis (LOS), defined as sepsis occurring after 48 h of age causes substantial mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants. Risk factors for LOS include immaturity, intravascular cathet...

    Gary Alcock, Helen G. Liley, Lucy Cooke and Peter H. Gray

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:98

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Melatonin alleviates brain and peripheral tissue edema in a neonatal rat model of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage: the involvement of edema related proteins

    Previous studies have indicated edema may be involved in the pathophysiology following hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and melatonin may exhibit neuro-protection against brain insults. However, little i...

    Li-Xiao Xu, Yuan Lv, Yan-Hong Li, Xin Ding, Ying Wang, Xing Han, Ming-Hua Liu, Bin Sun and Xing Feng

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:90

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Population-based study of the incidence of congenital hip dysplasia in preterm infants from the Survey of Neonates in Pomerania (SNiP)

    Some etiological factors involved in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) occur in the last trimester of pregnancy, which could result in a decreased incidence of DDH in preterm infants. The aim of this st...

    A. E. Lange, J. Lange, Till Ittermann, M. Napp, Paul-Christian Krueger, H. Bahlmann, R. Kasch and M. Heckmann

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:78

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  8. Case report

    Near-infrared spectroscopy as a predictor of clinical deterioration: a case report of two infants with duct-dependent congenital heart disease

    Some infants with congenital heart disease are at risk of in-hospital cardiac arrest. To better foresee cardiac arrest in infants with congenital heart disease, it might be useful to continuously assess end-or...

    Mirthe J. Mebius, Gideon J. du Marchie Sarvaas, Diana W. Wolthuis, Beatrijs Bartelds, Martin C. J. Kneyber, Arend F. Bos and Elisabeth M. W. Kooi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:79

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Causes of death in very preterm infants cared for in neonatal intensive care units: a population-based retrospective cohort study

    While there are good data to describe changing trends in mortality and morbidity rates for preterm populations, there is very little information on the specific causes and pattern of death in terms of age of v...

    Tim Schindler, Louise Koller-Smith, Kei Lui, Barbara Bajuk and Srinivas Bolisetty

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:59

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  10. Case report

    Two case reports of unexpected tracheal agenesis in the neonate: 3 C’s beyond algorithms for difficult airway management

    Handling neonates with postnatal respiratory failure due to congenital airway malformations implies knowledge about emergency management of unexpected difficult airway. In these stressful situations both techn...

    Beate Grass, Leopold Simma, Michael Reinehr, Urs Zimmermann, Claudine Gysin, Georg Henze and Vincenzo Cannizzaro

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:49

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  11. Study protocol

    The Speed of Increasing milk Feeds: a randomised controlled trial

    In the UK, 1–2% of infants are born very preterm (<32 weeks of gestation) or have very low birth weight (<1500 g). Very preterm infants are initially unable to be fed nutritional volumes of milk and therefore ...

    Jane Abbott, Janet Berrington, Ursula Bowler, Elaine Boyle, Jon Dorling, Nicholas Embleton, Edmund Juszczak, Alison Leaf, Louise Linsell, Samantha Johnson, Kenny McCormick, William McGuire, Tracy Roberts and Ben Stenson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:39

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  12. Research article

    Effect of combined music and touch intervention on pain response and β-endorphin and cortisol concentrations in late preterm infants

    Preterm neonates undergo many painful procedures as part of their standard care in the neonatal intensive care unit. However, pain treatment is inadequate in many of these routine procedures. In the present st...

    Jie Qiu, Yun-fei Jiang, Fang Li, Qian-hong Tong, Hui Rong and Rui Cheng

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:38

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  13. Study protocol

    Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia in a Marginalized Population on the Thai-Myanmar Border: a study protocol

    This study aims to identify risk factors and the neurodevelopmental impact of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in a limited-resource setting among a refugee and migrant population residing along the Thai-Myanmar bo...

    Laurence Thielemans, Margreet Trip-Hoving, Germana Bancone, Claudia Turner, Julie A. Simpson, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek, Patrick van Rheenen, Moo Kho Paw, François Nosten, Rose McGready and Verena I. Carrara

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:32

    Published on: 21 January 2017

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