This section considers studies regarding all aspects of neonatal health, disease, care, and outcomes.

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  1. Research article

    Population-based study of the incidence of congenital hip dysplasia in preterm infants from the Survey of Neonates in Pomerania (SNiP)

    Some etiological factors involved in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) occur in the last trimester of pregnancy, which could result in a decreased incidence of DDH in preterm infants. The aim of this st...

    A. E. Lange, J. Lange, Till Ittermann, M. Napp, Paul-Christian Krueger, H. Bahlmann, R. Kasch and M. Heckmann

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:78

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  2. Case report

    Near-infrared spectroscopy as a predictor of clinical deterioration: a case report of two infants with duct-dependent congenital heart disease

    Some infants with congenital heart disease are at risk of in-hospital cardiac arrest. To better foresee cardiac arrest in infants with congenital heart disease, it might be useful to continuously assess end-or...

    Mirthe J. Mebius, Gideon J. du Marchie Sarvaas, Diana W. Wolthuis, Beatrijs Bartelds, Martin C. J. Kneyber, Arend F. Bos and Elisabeth M. W. Kooi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:79

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Causes of death in very preterm infants cared for in neonatal intensive care units: a population-based retrospective cohort study

    While there are good data to describe changing trends in mortality and morbidity rates for preterm populations, there is very little information on the specific causes and pattern of death in terms of age of v...

    Tim Schindler, Louise Koller-Smith, Kei Lui, Barbara Bajuk and Srinivas Bolisetty

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:59

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  4. Case report

    Two case reports of unexpected tracheal agenesis in the neonate: 3 C’s beyond algorithms for difficult airway management

    Handling neonates with postnatal respiratory failure due to congenital airway malformations implies knowledge about emergency management of unexpected difficult airway. In these stressful situations both techn...

    Beate Grass, Leopold Simma, Michael Reinehr, Urs Zimmermann, Claudine Gysin, Georg Henze and Vincenzo Cannizzaro

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:49

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  5. Study protocol

    The Speed of Increasing milk Feeds: a randomised controlled trial

    In the UK, 1–2% of infants are born very preterm (<32 weeks of gestation) or have very low birth weight (<1500 g). Very preterm infants are initially unable to be fed nutritional volumes of milk and therefore ...

    Jane Abbott, Janet Berrington, Ursula Bowler, Elaine Boyle, Jon Dorling, Nicholas Embleton, Edmund Juszczak, Alison Leaf, Louise Linsell, Samantha Johnson, Kenny McCormick, William McGuire, Tracy Roberts and Ben Stenson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:39

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  6. Research article

    Effect of combined music and touch intervention on pain response and β-endorphin and cortisol concentrations in late preterm infants

    Preterm neonates undergo many painful procedures as part of their standard care in the neonatal intensive care unit. However, pain treatment is inadequate in many of these routine procedures. In the present st...

    Jie Qiu, Yun-fei Jiang, Fang Li, Qian-hong Tong, Hui Rong and Rui Cheng

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:38

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  7. Study protocol

    Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia in a Marginalized Population on the Thai-Myanmar Border: a study protocol

    This study aims to identify risk factors and the neurodevelopmental impact of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in a limited-resource setting among a refugee and migrant population residing along the Thai-Myanmar bo...

    Laurence Thielemans, Margreet Trip-Hoving, Germana Bancone, Claudia Turner, Julie A. Simpson, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek, Patrick van Rheenen, Moo Kho Paw, François Nosten, Rose McGready and Verena I. Carrara

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:32

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  8. Research article

    Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin in the evaluation of Patent Ductus Arteriosus and AKI in Very Preterm Neonates: a cohort study

    A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is frequently found in very preterm neonates and is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. A shunt across a PDA can result in an unfavorable distribution of...

    Anna Sellmer, Bodil H. Bech, Jesper V. Bjerre, Michael R. Schmidt, Vibeke E. Hjortdal, Gitte Esberg, Søren Rittig and Tine B. Henriksen

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:7

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  9. Research article

    Lung function in very low birth weight infants after pharmacological and surgical treatment of patent ductus arteriosus - a retrospective analysis

    The indications and strategies for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are controversial, and the safety and long-term benefits of surgical PDA closure remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to co...

    Payman Barikbin, Hannes Sallmon, Silke Wilitzki, Joachim Photiadis, Christoph Bührer, Petra Koehne and Gerd Schmalisch

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:5

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Bifidobacterium adolescentis protects against necrotizing enterocolitis and upregulates TOLLIP and SIGIRR in premature neonatal rats

    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious gastrointestinal disorder that is often seen in premature infants. Probiotics decrease the risk of NEC; however, the mechanism by which probiotics work is not clear...

    Wenshen Wu, Yanli Wang, Jingjing Zou, Fang Long, Huiheng Yan, Lijuan Zeng and Yunbin Chen

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:1

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  11. Research article

    Reference curves of birth weight, length, and head circumference for gestational ages in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

    The birth weight reference curve to estimate the newborns at risk in need of assessment and monitoring has been established. The previous reference curves from Indonesia, approximately 8 years ago, were based ...

    Ekawaty L. Haksari, Harrie N. Lafeber, Mohammad Hakimi, Endy P. Pawirohartono and Lennarth Nyström

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:188

    Published on: 21 November 2016

  12. Research article

    Facilitators and barriers of breastfeeding late preterm infants according to mothers’ experiences

    Late preterm infants account for the majority of preterm births. They are at an increased risk of neonatal mortality and morbidity and are less likely to initiate breastfeeding and to be exclusively breastfed ...

    Maria Lorella Giannì, Elena Bezze, Patrizio Sannino, Elena Stori, Laura Plevani, Paola Roggero, Massimo Agosti and Fabio Mosca

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:179

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  13. Research article

    Neonatal mortality and morbidity among infants between 24 to 31 complete weeks: a multicenter survey in China from 2013 to 2014

    The outcome of preterm infants has been varied in different hospitals and regions in developing countries. Regular clinical monitor are needed to know the effects of health care. This study aimed to describe t...

    XiangYong Kong, FengDan Xu, Rong Wu, Hui Wu, Rong Ju, XiaoLin Zhao, XiaoMei Tong, HongYan Lv, YanJie Ding, Fang Liu, Ping Xu, WeiPeng Liu, HongBin Cheng, TieQiang Chen, ShuJuan Zeng, WenZheng Jia…

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:174

    Published on: 3 November 2016

  14. Research article

    Perfusion index assessment during transition period of newborns: an observational study

    Perfusion index (PI) is becoming a part of clinical practice in neonatology to monitor peripheral perfusion noninvasively. Hemodynamic and respiratory changes occur in newborns during the transition period aft...

    Sezin Unal, Ebru Ergenekon, Selma Aktas, Serdar Beken, Nilgun Altuntas, Ebru Kazanci, Ferit Kulali, Ibrahim M. Hirfanoglu, Esra Onal, Canan Turkyilmaz, Esin Koc and Yildiz Atalay

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:164

    Published on: 7 October 2016

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