Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

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  1. Research article

    Validity of a family-centered approach for assessing infants’ social-emotional wellbeing and their developmental context: a prospective cohort study

    Family-centered care seems promising in preventive pediatrics, but evidence is lacking as to whether this type of care is also valid as a means to identify risks to infants’ social-emotional development. We ai...

    Margriet Hielkema, Andrea F. De Winter and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:148

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  2. Research article

    Exploring infant feeding practices: cross-sectional surveys of South Western Sydney, Singapore, and Ho Chi Minh City

    Infant feeding practices are known to influence the child’s long-term health. Studies have associated obesity and other diseases with reduced breastfeeding and early introduction of high calorie beverages (HCB...

    Timothy Yong Qun Leow, Andrew Ung, Shelley Qian, Jessie Thanh Nguyen, Yvonne An, Poonam Mudgil and John Whitehall

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:145

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  3. Research article

    Perceptions of measles, pneumonia, and meningitis vaccines among caregivers in Shanghai, China, and the health belief model: a cross-sectional study

    In China, the measles vaccine is offered for free whereas the pneumococcal vaccine is a for-fee vaccine. This difference has the potential to influence how caregivers evaluate whether a vaccine is important or...

    Abram L. Wagner, Matthew L. Boulton, Xiaodong Sun, Bhramar Mukherjee, Zhuoying Huang, Irene A. Harmsen, Jia Ren and Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:143

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  4. Research article

    Treatment outcome of children with persistent Diarrhoea admitted to an Urban Hospital, Dhaka during 2012–2013

    Despite availability of treatment guidelines, persistent diarrhoea (PD) has been a major contributor of diarrhoeal deaths in low and middle income countries. We evaluated the outcome of children under the age ...

    Mustafa Mahfuz, Mohammed Ashraful Alam, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Nur Haque Alam, Shafiqul Alam Sarker and Tahmeed Ahmed

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:142

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Stool frequency recording in severe acute malnutrition (‘StoolSAM’); an agreement study comparing maternal recall versus direct observation using diapers

    Approximately 50% of the deaths of children under the age of 5 can be attributed to undernutrition, which also encompasses severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Diarrhoea is strongly associated with these deaths an...

    Wieger Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Robert Bandsma, Anne Baan, Sarah White, Celine Bourdon and Marko Kerac

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:140

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Utilization of ultrasonography to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip: when reality turns selective screening into universal use

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) occurs in 3–5 of 1000 live births and is associated with known risk factors. In most countries, formal practice for early detection of DDH entails the combination of ri...

    Rachel Wilf–Miron, Jacob Kuint, Ronit Peled, Asaf Cohen and Avi Porath

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:136

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Clinical and laboratory evaluation of new immigrant and refugee children arriving in Greece

    Migrant children are a population at risk for various health problems. Despite the increased inflow of migrants in Greece, data regarding their health assessment are lacking. This study aims to describe the cl...

    Ioanna D. Pavlopoulou, Marsela Tanaka, Stavroula Dikalioti, Evangelia Samoli, Pavlos Nisianakis, Olga D. Boleti and Konstantinos Tsoumakas

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:132

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Impact of preterm birth on infant mortality for newborns with congenital heart defects: The EPICARD population-based cohort study

    Congenital heart defects (CHD) and preterm birth (PTB) are major causes of infant mortality. However, limited data exist on risk of mortality associated with PTB for newborns with CHD. Our objective was to ass...

    Enora Laas, Nathalie Lelong, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Damien Bonnet, Lucile Houyel, Jean-François Magny, Thibaut Andrieu, François Goffinet and Babak Khoshnood

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:124

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Effectiveness of three commonly used transition phase diets in the inpatient management of children with severe acute malnutrition: a pilot randomized controlled trial in Malawi

    The case fatality rate of severely malnourished children during inpatient treatment is high and mortality is often associated with diarrhea. As intestinal carbohydrate absorption is impaired in severe acute ma...

    Christian J. Versloot, Wieger Voskuijl, Sara J. van Vliet, Meta van den Heuvel, Jane C. Carter, Ajib Phiri, Marko Kerac, Geert Tom Heikens, Patrick F. van Rheenen and Robert H. J. Bandsma

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:112

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Comparison of three different methods for risk adjustment in neonatal medicine

    Quality improvement in health care requires identification of areas in need of improvement by comparing processes and patient outcomes within and between health care providers. It is critical to adjust for dif...

    Mark Adams, Julia Braun, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Milo Alan Puhan, Dirk Bassler and Viktor Von Wyl

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:106

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  11. Research article

    Variation in and risk factors for paediatric inpatient all-cause mortality in a low income setting: data from an emerging clinical information network

    Hospital mortality data can inform planning for health interventions and may help optimize resource allocation if they are reliable and appropriately interpreted. However such data are often not available in l...

    David Gathara, Lucas Malla, Philip Ayieko, Stella Karuri, Rachel Nyamai, Grace Irimu, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Elizabeth Allen and Mike English

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:99

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Improving feeding and growth of HIV-positive children through nutrition training of frontline health workers in Tanga, Tanzania

    Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children’s feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on e...

    Bruno F. Sunguya, Linda B. Mlunde, David P. Urassa, Krishna C. Poudel, Omary S. Ubuguyu, Namala P. Mkopi, Germana H. Leyna, Anna T. Kessy, Keiko Nanishi, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka and Masamine Jimba

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:94

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  13. Research article

    The quality of health services provided to remote dwelling aboriginal infants in the top end of northern Australia following health system changes: a qualitative analysis

    In Australia the health outcomes of remote dwelling Aboriginal infants are comparable to infants in developing countries. This research investigates service quality, from the clinicians’ perspective and as obs...

    Cathryn M. Josif, Sue Kruske, Sue V. Kildea and Lesley M. Barclay

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:93

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  14. Research article

    Incidence and time trends of type 2 diabetes mellitus in youth aged 5–19 years: a population-based registry in Zhejiang, China, 2007 to 2013

    The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been increasing globally over the past two decades in children and adolescents. There are currently a dearth of comprehensive population-based estimates of ...

    Haibin Wu, Jieming Zhong, Min Yu, Hao Wang, Weiwei Gong, Jin Pan, Fangrong Fei, Meng Wang, Li Yang and Ruying Hu

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:85

    Published on: 22 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Slow progress in diarrhea case management in low and middle income countries: evidence from cross-sectional national surveys, 1985–2012

    Diarrhea remains to be a main cause of childhood mortality. Diarrhea case management indicators reflect the effectiveness of child survival interventions. We aimed to assess time trends and country-wise change...

    Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Yue-Peng Low and Birger Carl Forsberg

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:83

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  16. Research article

    Correlates of thymus size and changes during treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition: a cohort study

    The impairment of immune functions associated with malnutrition may be one reason for the high mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), and thymus atrophy has been proposed as a marker of th...

    Maren Johanne Heilskov Rytter, Hanifa Namusoke, Christian Ritz, Kim F. Michaelsen, André Briend, Henrik Friis and Dorthe Jeppesen

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:70

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  17. Research article

    Somatic growth in the first six months of life of infants exposed to maternal smoking in pregnancy

    Some studies suggest a relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and not only intrauterine fetal growth restriction or low birth weight, but also with changes in the postnatal growth and developme...

    Mariana Lopes de Brito, Marina Nunes, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani and Clécio Homrich da Silva

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:67

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  18. Research article

    Use of mobile phones and text messaging to decrease the turnaround time for early infant HIV diagnosis and notification in rural Zambia: an observational study

    Early infant diagnosis of HIV infection is challenging in rural sub-Saharan Africa as blood samples are sent to central laboratories for HIV DNA testing, leading to delays in diagnosis and treatment initiation...

    Catherine G. Sutcliffe, Philip E. Thuma, Janneke H. van Dijk, Kathy Sinywimaanzi, Sydney Mweetwa, Mutinta Hamahuwa and William J. Moss

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:66

    Published on: 8 March 2017

  19. Research article

    Anaemia in hospitalised preschool children from a rural area in Mozambique: a case control study in search for aetiological agents

    Young children bear the world’s highest prevalence of anaemia, the majority of which is of multifactorial aetiology, which in turn hampers its successful prevention. Even moderate degrees of anaemia are associ...

    Cinta Moraleda, Ruth Aguilar, Llorenç Quintó, Tacilta Nhampossa, Montserrat Renom, Augusto Nhabomba, Sozinho Acácio, John J. Aponte, Delino Nhalungo, Ariel H. Achtman, Louis Schofield, Helder Martins, Eusebio Macete, Pedro L. Alonso and Clara Menéndez

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:63

    Published on: 28 February 2017

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